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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 221154

Hob Uid: 221154
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Alton
Grid Ref : SU1158064080
Summary : Two rectilinear enclosures, one contained within the other, are possibly of Medieval and/or Post Medieval date but could have earlier origins. If Medieval it is probable that these features were a settlement or sheep enclosures of some kind. Possible building platforms are visible in the interior. Two possible Bronze Age round barrows (described in SU 16 SW 9) appear to be encroached upon by the enclosures.
More information : (SU 11586408) Earthwork (NR) (1)

A rectangular enclosure of 1/2 acre with outer ditch, west of
Newtown. (2)

SU 11586408: The sub-rectangular enclosure measuring overall 60
m WNW-ESE by 50 m transversely comprises a bank up to 0.7m high
above an outer 0.5m deep ditch. The S side of the enclosure is
slightly in-set to a central entrance, but breaks in the NE corner
and N side are modern. The enclosure is sub-divided by a low bank
and in the SE and SW corners are two platforms, possibly the
sites of buildings. This may well be a Md steading, although a
possible earlier date cannot be eliminated. Resurveyed at
1:2500. (3)

The sub-rectangular enclosure described by the previous authorities
has been mapped from aerial photographs. It is situated at the north
end of a large, but less well defined, rectilinear enclosure which
measures 130m by 80m. The interior of both enclosures is disturbed
probably indicating the sites of possible house platforms and the
remains of internal boundaries but these were too complex too
depict at 1:10,000 scale. A possible Bronze Age round barrow is
situated between the east sides of the two enclosures and an oval
embanked enclosure, (which is supposed to be overlain by another
possible barrow) appears to be situated underneath the east side of
the larger enclosure (these features are described in SU 16 SW 9).

As suggested by the previous authorities the date of the enclosures
could be Medieval and/or Post medieval in which case they may be a
settlement or sheep enclosures. The enclosures are situated close to
a prehistoric or Roman field system (described in SU 16 SW 128) and
could be associated, either constructed from relict fields, or
possibly contemporary to the field system. (4-5)

The earthworks were surveyed by RCHME. See source 6 and archive item AF00328 (New Town enclosure, Wiltshire) for a plan. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details :
Page(s) : 261
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MHB 24-JUL-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU1164/31 (4812/61) 19-MAR-1993
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU1164/17 (4803/27) 26-MAR-1993
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Avebury landscape: aspects of the field archaeology of the Marlborough Downs
Source details :
Page(s) : 196
Figs. : 18:05
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : SU 16 SW 9, 10, 25, 27 and LINEAR 54 (Wansdyke, SU 1164) (1974)
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number :
Source : SU 16 SW 9, 25, 27 (1974)/Antiquity Model
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Settlement, Sheep Fold, Enclosure, Building Platform
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Settlement, Enclosure, Sheep Fold
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 641
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 679
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 16 SW 27
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 221100
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 16 SW 27
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-07-24
End Date : 1974-07-24
Associated Activities : RCHME: AVEBURY WORLD HERITAGE SITE PROJECT
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-08-01
End Date : 1998-12-01