HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Outer Curtain Wall

Hob Uid: 1099876
Location :
Greater London Authority
Tower Hamlets
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ3349080520
Summary : The outer curtain wall at the Tower of London was created between 1275 and 1285 by Edward I to add to the defences at the Tower. It is reported that #21,000 was expended to construct this solid defence which created a narrow outer ward thus making a ring of defences within another. The wall is punctuated by a series of towers and bastions, mostly of contemporary date. The first phase is thought to have been comparitively low. Later phases raised the height considerably, possibly when the decision was taken to relocate the Royal Mint within the walls of the Tower of London. Edward II commenced rebuilding work between 1307 and 1327 to broaden and raise the wall and this was continued by Edward III in 1336. In 1339 the length on the southern side between the Bell and Salt Towers was heightened and crenellated.
More information :

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : English Heritage book of the Tower of London
Source details :
Page(s) : 35,36,43,47
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The London archaeologist
Source details :
Page(s) : 166
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1982

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : built 1275-1285
Monument End Date : 1285
Monument Start Date : 1275
Monument Type : Curtain Wall
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : increased in height 1307-1336
Monument End Date : 1336
Monument Start Date : 1307
Monument Type : Curtain Wall
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1339
Monument End Date : 1339
Monument Start Date : 1339
Monument Type : Curtain Wall, Concentric Castle
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 38 SW 1508
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1100681
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1099867
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1099886
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1100600
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1100623
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1100626
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1100656
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1099083
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1099844
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, TOWER OF LONDON, OUTER CURTAIN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1981-01-01
End Date : 1981-12-31