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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 902434

Hob Uid: 902434
Location :
Devon
West Devon
Peter Tavy
Grid Ref : SX5350084000
Summary : A cairnfield, probably the result of prehistoric land clearance, on the north-east slopes of White-Hill. There are 22 definite cairns and several low amorphous mounds seemingly of more recent origin. Two sections of former field bank are intimately associated with these cairns.
More information : Cairnfield at SX535841 on the North-East slopes of White Hill. There are 19 definite cairns, or 26 if all possible cairns are counted. They form a compact group with outliers to the East and West. The central group comprises cairns of c.5.0m in diameter, immediately to the North of which is an oval cairn 9.0m by 4.0m. The others range in size from 5.5 by 4.0m to cairns of 2.0m in diameter. They appear to be associated with low banks apparently representing a small, primitive field system. Five cairns may be incoporated in this system. (1)

The cairnfield on the NE flank of White Hill is concentrated on the upper slopes with some isolated cairns on the lower E sides. There are a total of twenty two definite cairns, tabulated below, and several low amorphous mounds which may be the result of peat cutting or military activity. With few exceptions the mounds are small with diameters in the range 2.95m to 6.15m and a maximum of 0.7m high. There is no evidence to suggest the presence of cists or kerbs on any of the mounds which also appear free from any unrecorded excavations.
The two low banks closely associated with this cairnfield, on which lie (and into which) some of the cairns have been incorporated, are of unknown origin. They measure around 2.0m wide and remain to a maximum height of 0.35m. Two further sections of bank occur 150m N of these and while not intimately associated are probably parts of the same site. There are no traces or accompanying ditches suggestive of a medieval origin.
It is tempting and not unreasonable to suggest that these features represent the initial phase in the establishment of a prehistoric field system.

NGR DIAMETER HEIGHT COMMENTS
OVERALL

SX5348884064 4.2m 0.4m
SX5350684079 4.0m 0.4m
SX5348784080 4.0m 0.6m
SX5347384081 4.25m 0.3m
SX5345884093 3.85m 0.5m
SX5345184085 4.5m 0.2m
SX5346184070 4.35m 0.3m
SX5354284097 3.5m 0.2m
SX5356784073 5.0m 0.6m
SX5354683976 3.0m 0.3m
SX5358484001 4.1m 0.45m
SX5360584023 3.15m 0.3m
SX5367784032 5.0m 0.4m
SX5364984124 6.15m 0.5m Hollow centre
SX5356984134 4.25m 0.6m Cut by track
SX5360584020 3.05m 0.25m
SX5353484040 3.5m 0.25m
SX5343184053 2.95m 0.4m
SX5351884027 5.55m 0.5m
SX5344484034 5.4m 0.7m Central hollow 0.3m
SX5343584039 5.85m 0.6m
SX5346684049 5.25m 0.5m
(3)

Depicted by Butler. (4)

These cairns lie in open moorland under coarse grass and low gorse cover. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Devon Archaeological Society proceedings
Source details : (Fleming A)
Page(s) : 09-Oct
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1980
Source Number : 2
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Various dates (1993-1994)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Probert SAJ 02-AUG-1998 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Butler J 1991 dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities Vol\2 The North
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Fletcher M 10-JAN-2001 EH Field Investigation
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Source : Willsworthy, sheet 6 of 14/CAD generated plan
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Source : Willsworthy, sheet 6 of 14/overlay
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Source : Willsworthy, sheet 7 of 14/overlay
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Source : Willsworthy, sheet 7 of 14/CAD generated plan
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cairnfield, Field System, Cairn
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22349
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22342
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22343
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22345
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22347
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22348
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SX 91
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SW 190
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SW 191
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SW 192
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SW 193
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SW 194
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 58 SW 57
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: WILLSWORTHY TRAINING AREA, PETER TAVY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1998-04-01
End Date : 1998-10-01
Associated Activities : WILLSWORTHY 2000 EH FIELD SURVEY PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2000-12-01
End Date : 2001-03-06