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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 910084

Hob Uid: 910084
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Bratton Fleming, Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6799040330
Summary : A system of Medieval strip fields extends around Barton Town. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. These relict fields were possibly part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The main concentration of surviving lynchets extends over an area measuring up to 1150m E-W and 800m N-S. More fragmentary remains are visible as far east as the river Bray, to the south of Barton Gate. The fields around Barton Town are part of an extensive system of strip fields around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
More information : Centred at SS 68004008. An area of strip cultivation or lynchetting covering at least 8 ha is visible on APs. (1)

Cursory examination revealed that the majority of the area had been improved, flattening all surface features. However, in places some slight traces of the former lynchetting survives. (2)

The features described above are a system of Medieval strip fields extends around Barton Town. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. These relict fields were possibly part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The main concentration of surviving lychets extends over an area measuring up to 1150m E-W and 800m N-S. More fragmentary remains are visible as far east as the river Bray, to the south of Barton Gate. The fields around Barton Town are part of an extensive system of strip fields around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).

The field system is centred at SS 6794 4073 and the main concentration extends across an area within the following grid references: SS 6745 4102, SS 6833 4110, 6857 4043, 6781 4028. There are more lynchets to the east centred at SS 6855 4092 and SS 6881 4089. (3-4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF CPE/UK/2082 3101 19-MAY-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Wilson-North WR 1-OCT-93, RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 3
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/20-DEC-1999/RCHME: Challacombe, West Exmoor
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Riley H and Wilson-North R 2001 The Field Archaeology fo Exmoor English Heritage, Swindon
Page(s) : 98-99
Figs. : 4.13
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Source : Challacombe Project/Ink AP Transcription
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Source : Challacombe Project
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Field System
Evidence : Earthwork, Levelled Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Field System, Lynchet, Earthwork
Evidence : Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 58
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CHALLACOMBE, WEST DEVON
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-12-01
End Date : 1999-12-01