HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 60608

Hob Uid: 60608
Location :
North Yorkshire
Ryedale
Stape
Grid Ref : SE7852090120
Summary : Mound within Cawthorn Fort A representing a prehistoric barrow possibly with surrounding ditch. Excavation of the mound in the 1920's revealed that it had been modified to form a platform which was then interpreted as a Roman tribunal.
More information : (SE 7852 9012) Tumulus (NR) (1)

A mound forming the tribunal of the Trajanic practice fort, in
the angle between the main east and south roadways, was excavated
in 1923 and 1929 by F G Simpson and J L Kirk. A platform,
composed of turf, 22 ft by 12 ft., with two small expansions like
the type of tribunal shown on Trajan's Column, partly overlay a
tumulus opened by Bateman or Greenwell in 1860. The earlier
excavation was cleared out, showing that the interment had been
in a circular pit about 3 1/2 ft. diam. and 2 ft. deep. (2)

There is now no trace of this feature in an area covered by
dense bracken and scrub. (3)

This site has been re-assessed in connection with RCHME's survey and
publication of Roman Camps in England. The following descriptive
account is taken from the published text.

SE 7852 9012 (FCE). A mound close to the centre of Cawthorn fort 'A'
(SE 79 SE 63), now standing 0.9 m high and measuring about 9 m
across, was identified by Richmond as the tribunal, a dias for the
commanding officer. This was constructed by adding a turf platform
to the N side of an earlier mound. The latter seems to have been a
prehistoric barrow with a central pit which had been disturbed by
earlier excavators (Richmond 1932, 61-3 (see auth 2)). Aerial
photography by RCHME in 1993 revealed that the barrow was surrounded
by a circular ditch more than 20 m in diameter.
Further investigation is required, for the date, associations and
functions of all the features within the fort and its annexe are
unclear. Other structures, apparently not wholly dissimilar, survive
outside the W and S sides of the forts defences. Full information is
included in the NMR Archive. (4)

As reported by authority 4, a circular ditch is clearly visible surrounding the barrow and Richmond's tribunal on air photographs. It measures approximately 24m in diameter and has slight external upcast banks in places. It is not certain that the ditch is contemporary with the barrow, as the latter is not situated centrally within the ditch, as one might expect. (5-6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeol J 88 1932 pp61-3 Plan (I A Richmond)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Cawthorn, 1975-77/ink survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISS 20-NOV-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Humphrey Welfare and Vivien Swan/1994/RCHME: Roman Camps in England Project.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stone, J. 1999. 'Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire. Air Photograph Evaluation' (Phase I)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stone, J. 2002. 'Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire. Air Photograph Evaluation' (Phase II)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Cawthorn, Roman outwork, tribunal in Fort A, tent-lines in Camp B/profiles
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Cawthorn/profiles key
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Cawthorn, 1975-77/pencil survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire: Air Photograph Evaluation
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow, Ring Ditch
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Mound
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 518
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 24436
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 79 SE 55
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 916866
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CAWTHORNE CAMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1860-01-01
End Date : 1860-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAWTHORNE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1923-01-01
End Date : 1929-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SE 79 SE 54
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-11-20
End Date : 1974-11-20
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CAWTHORN ROMAN CAMP, FORTS AND ANNEXE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: CAWTHORN CAMPS AIR PHOTOGRAPH EVALUATION, PHASE I
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-08-01
End Date : 1999-11-01