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Historic England Research Records

Bush Barrow

Hob Uid: 943060
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wilsford Cum Lake
Grid Ref : SU1164641260
Summary : An Early Bronze Age bowl barrow, known as "Bush Barrow", survives as earthworks. It has been recorded as part of the Normanton Down (Centre) barrow group (Monument Number 219537) and forms part of the Normanton Down round barrow cemetery (Monument Number 1531088). The round barrow was excavated in 1808 by William Cunnington for Sir Richard Colt Hoare (Barrow 158). They found a primary inhumation of an adult male laid north-south accompanied by one of the most spectacular grave assemblages ever found in Britain, including: two lozenges of sheet gold, a polished macehead and 5 cylindrical bone mounts, bronze and copper daggers, and thousands of gold pins used to decorate the hilt (in Devizes Museum). The round barrow was listed as Wilsford 5 by Goddard and subsequently by Grinsell. It was surveyed at a scale of 1:1000 in April 2010 as part of English Heritage's Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The surviving earthworks have an overall diameter of 49m and comprise a large mound with breaks in slope suggesting three phases of development. The round barrow stands 3.3m high and its summit measures 10.5m in diameter: the summit is occupied by an oval hollow, 6m in diameter and 0.7m deep, perhaps from Cunnington's excavations. The monument has been damaged by grazing animals and vegetation (from which it takes its name).
More information : (SU 11644126) Bush Barrow (AT) (1)

`C'- SU 11644126; Wilsford 5, Bush Barrow, a bowl barrow. When measured by Cunnington in 1808 it was 123ft across and 11ft high but in 1951 it was 146ft in diameter and 8ft high when measured by Grinsell. Wessex grave 53 (1) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 158) located a primary inhumation of an adult male laid north-south. Beside the skeleton were fragments of bronze and wood, possibly the remains of a shield, a flat bronze axe with traces of a cloth imprint on the blade, two flate bronze daggers, one with the haft set with gold nails, a rectangular gold plate, another bronze dagger, a diamond-shaped gold plate and a perforated macehead of fossil tubularia with bone fastenings with a diamond-shaped gold plate from the shaft. (2)

Finds in Devizes Museum (DM 747-56 and DM 209) (3)

Wilsford 5, a bowl barrow 4.2m high. Resurveyed at 1:2500 (4)

Originally recorded as Wilsford 5 by Goddard. (5)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (17-19)

The Early Bronze Age bowl barrow, known as "Bush Barrow" and referred to above (1-18), was surveyed at a scale of 1:1000 in April 2010 as part of English Heritage's Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. It has been recorded as part of the Normanton Down (Centre) barrow group (Monument Number 219537) and forms part of the Normanton Down round barrow cemetery (Monument Number 1531088). The surviving earthworks have an overall diameter of 49m and comprise a large mound with breaks in slope suggesting three phases of development. The round barrow stands 3.3m high and its summit measures 10.5m in diameter: the summit is occupied by an oval hollow, 6m in diameter, and 0.7m deep, perhaps from Cunnington's excavations. The monument has been damaged by grazing animals and vegetation (from which it takes its name). (20)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : Grinsell, LV, Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 196
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 202
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Antiquity
Source details : Kinnes, IA et al; Bush Barrow Gold
Page(s) : 24-39
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1988
Source Number : 12
Source : Antiquity
Source details : Chippindale, C; editorial
Page(s) : 207-8
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1988
Source Number : 13
Source : Antiquity
Source details : Shell, CA, P Robinson; The recent reconstruction of the Bush Barrow lozenge plate
Page(s) : 248-60
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1988
Source Number : 14
Source : Antiquity
Source details : Corfield, M; The reshaping of archaeological metal objects: some ethical considerations
Page(s) : 261-5
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1988
Source Number : 15
Source : Antiquity
Source details : Thom, AS et al; The Bush Barrow gold lozenge: is it a solar and lunar calendar for Stonehenge?
Page(s) : 492-502
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1988
Source Number : 16
Source : The accomplished art : gold and gold-working in Britain and Ireland during the Bronze Age (c. 2300-650 BC)
Source details :
Page(s) : 24-May
Figs. :
Plates : II
Vol(s) : 42
Source Number : 17
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record numbers 528, 529
Page(s) : 178
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 18
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1011-2 24-DEC-1943
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 19
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1141/75 (18663/20) 09-JAN-2000
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 20
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Barrett, K & Bowden, M 2010 Normanton Down. Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 90/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 90-2010
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Annable, FK, DDA Simpson (1964) Guide catalogue of the Neolithic and Bronze Age Collections in Devizes Museum, p4506, nos 168-78
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 23-NOV-70
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : Goddard, EH, A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the County of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 344
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 6
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details : Piggott, S, The Early Bronze Age in Wessex
Page(s) : 52-106
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Vol(s) : 4, 1938
Source Number : 7
Source : Antiquity
Source details : Coles, JM & J Taylor, The Wessex Culture: a minimal view
Page(s) : Jun-14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 45, 1971
Source Number : 8
Source : The Early Bronze Age daggers in Great Britain and a reconsideration of the Wessex Culture
Source details : Nos 113, 124
Page(s) : 71, 74
Figs. :
Plates : 11-12, 45B
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Taylor, J (1980) Bronze Age Goldwork of the British Isles
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Source Number : 10
Source : Symbols of power at the time of Stonehenge
Source details :
Page(s) : 280
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Inhumation
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Middle Bronze Age
Display Date : Middle Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1200
Monument Start Date : -1600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Inhumation
Object Type : SHIELD, HELMET, DAGGER, FLANGED AXEHEAD, TEXTILE, MACE
Object Material : Bronze, Wood, Stone, Copper, Gold
Period : Middle Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : BROOCH
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW851
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW208
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10317
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 439
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
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Associated Monuments : 943188
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Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 943057
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943061
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943178
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943183
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943186
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31