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Historic England Research Records

Prophet Barrow

Hob Uid: 943410
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wilsford Cum Lake
Grid Ref : SU1090840278
Summary : Bronze Age bowl barrow, listed by Grinsell as Wilsford 43, and part of the Lake Group of barrows recorded as SU 14 SW 51. The barrow allegedly acquired its name in the early 18th century after French "prophets" set up their standard on it and preached to local people (circa 1710). Excavated in the early 19th century by Colt Hoare, who found a primary cremation in what he described as a wooden box in a large cist. Accompanying the cremation were a bronze dagger and a perforated whetstone-pendant. The barrow is extant as a mutilated mound 1.5 metres high.
More information : (SU 10904027) Prophet Barrow (AT) (1)

`F' - SU 10904027; Wilsford 43, Prophet Barrow, a bowl barrow 105ft in diameter and 6ft high. Wessex Grave 91. It allegedly received its name in the early 18th century when French `prophets' set up their standard there and preached to the local people. Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 8) located a cremation in a wooden box within a large cist, and a grooved dagger and whetstone. (DM 780-1). (2-4)

Wilsford 43, a mutilated bowl barrow 1.5m high. Published 1:2500 survey revised. (5)

Originally recorded as Wilsford 43 by Goddard. (6)

Additional references. (7-8)

The barrow falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. It has been included on the survey maps, but is covered by trees, and no further information could be added from aerial photographic evidence. (9)

A bowl or bell barrow with a mound 1.4m high surrounded by a possible berm and a ditch about 0.3m deep; the top is badly disturbed and has a low bank overlying it. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : Grinsell, LV. Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 198
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 211
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Annable, FK & DDA Simpson. 1964. A Guide Catalogue to the Neolithic and Bronze Age collections in Devizes Museum, p.54 nos 344-5
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 21-JAN-71
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : Goddard, EH. A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 348
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 7
Source : The Early Bronze Age daggers in Great Britain and a reconsideration of the Wessex Culture
Source details :
Page(s) : 76
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Abt.6, Bd.2
Source Number : 8
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 300
Page(s) : 100
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Source Number : 9
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : M Bowden, D Field and S Soutar 2012 Lake Barrows, The Diamond and Normanton Gorse
Page(s) : 11
Figs. : 3, 5, 8
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29-2012

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Cist
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Cist
Object Type : BOX, CREMATION, DAGGER, PERFORATED OBJECT, WHETSTONE, PENDANT
Object Material : Wood, Bronze

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW902
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 465
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 943408
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Associated Monuments : 943428
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Associated Monuments : 943473
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Associated Monuments : 943488
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Associated Monuments : 943342
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Associated Monuments : 943403
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Associated Monuments : 943423
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Associated Monuments : 943434
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Associated Monuments : 943457
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Associated Monuments : 943481
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943485
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Associated Monuments : 943503
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943514
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943517
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943522
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 943650
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE - LEVEL 1 SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2011-04-01
End Date : 2011-09-01