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Historic England Research Records

Cockermouth Castle

Hob Uid: 9485
Location :
Cumbria
Allerdale
Cockermouth
Grid Ref : NY1223030850
Summary : Originally a motte and bailey, built circa 1150; it was replaced by a stone built enclosure castle in circa 1225, and was further strengthened in the mid to late 14th century; ruinous in the 16th century. Beseiged unsuccessfully by Royalists in the Civil War. In the 19th century further buildings were added. It contains a Roman Altar fragment dated 241-2 AD. Residential and office elements added 1802-5. Scheduled.
More information : [NY 1223 3085] Cockermouth Castle [N.R.] (1)

Cockermouth Castle is 13th cent. with later additions and is situated on a promontory ditched on the east side. (2)

It contains an altar fragment (Roman) dated 241-2 A.D. (3)

The remains are well preserved and partly in use as estate office. Published earthworks 25" revised. (4)

CASTLEGATE Cockermouth Castle (uninhabited parts)
Ancient Monument (Scheduled). No.340
The site is on a promonotory between the Rivers Cocker and Derwent, and there has been a castle since before 1221. The Hall, 1360, Flag Tower 1387, Gatehouse rebuilt circa 1400. Full curtain walls and 2 wards. Masonry in good order externally. Ref. Curwen, "Castles",p. 127. An important building in a fine setting.

Cockermouth Castle (residence of Lord Egremont)
Occupies the north side of the outer ward, formerly separate cottages, now 1 house, late Georgian in character, stone, 2 storeys, 8 sash windows on upper floor, 3 doors and sashes on ground floor, most windows 12-paned with plain stone architrave. Slate roof and stone chimneys, the east end adjoining the Gatehouse.

Outer Gatehouse
C14, vaulted, with round arch and spiral stair. The upper rooms communicate with Lord Egremont's house and also the east range of buildings.

Eastern range of buildings
(Lord Egremont's Estate Office and the office of the Westmorland Green Slate Company)
Adjoins the Gatehouse, and with continuous internal access.
Victorian and 1904. 2 storeys, stone, sash windows, a Victorian Gothic doorway with flanking pointed windows, and 3 windows with labels, 2 rectangular bay windows (one dated 1904) with gabled tops.
Adjoins the Flag Tower in the south east corner of the outer ward, which is medieval and which is linked internally with the estate office and contains muniments etc.

Southern range of buildings, adjoining the Flag Tower (including garages, store rooms and Castle Cottage)
Circa 1800. stone buildings originally stables and coach-houses. Centre square tower with coach entrance, clock, and coachmen's rooms above (3 storeys in all); flanking 2 storeyed garages to left with 2 upper windows of pointed arched lights with net tracery; cottage to right with 3 pointed arched windows with net tracery.

Pump inside the Outer Gatehouse
Square stone pier with chamfered panelled corners and curved capping. Iron served handle and wooden pipe. Stone trough, square with circular basin.

The inhabited parts of Cockermouth Castle form a group with the uninhabited parts. (5)

(NY 12233085) Castle (NR) (6)

NY 123309 Cockermouth Castle, (uninhabited parts), scheduled. (7)

Cockermouth Castle; originally a motte and bailey, built in c1150 on the western edge of a ridge which overlooked the town. Around 1225 the timber castle was replaced by a stone built triangular castle. During the mid-late 14th century the castle's defences were further strengthened. The castle was in decay by the latter half of the 16th century and though it was beseiged by Royalists in the Civil War, it suffered little damage. From 1802-5, 1850 and 1904 various residential additions and offices were built in the castle. (8)

Main events in the castle's history listed by Cathcart King. (9)

Listed with plan and illustrations.(10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov 1957
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (JF Curwen)
Page(s) : 132
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Nov-11
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (Rev. Dr. Bruce)
Page(s) : 80
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7 - 1866-76
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 18-APR-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE Listed Buildings Dist of Allerdale (Cockermouth Area) Cumbria July 1974 pp2-3
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : OS 1:10 000 1983
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands
Source details : DOE (IAM) Anc Mons Eng 1 1978
Page(s) : 18
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM Amendment 17.5.95
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 84
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jan-83
Source Number : 10
Source : The medieval fortified buildings of Cumbria : an illustrated gazetteer and research guide
Source details :
Page(s) : 90-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.29

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Dated 241-2
Monument End Date : 242
Monument Start Date : 241
Monument Type : Altar
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1224
Monument Start Date : 1150
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1349
Monument Start Date : 1225
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mid-late c14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1333
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Converted 1802
Monument End Date : 1805
Monument Start Date : 1802
Monument Type : Office, Great House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 340
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 27653
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71651
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71652
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71653
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71654
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71655
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71656
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71657
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 71658
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 13 SW 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 13 SW 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-04-18
End Date : 1966-04-18
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT COCKERMOUTH CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31