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Historic England Research Records

Coldberry Lead Mine

Hob Uid: 959618
Location :
County Durham
Middleton in Teesdale
Grid Ref : NY9414129112
Summary : The ruins, earthworks and other remains of the Coldberry lead mine. The monument lies between the Hudeshope and Bow Lee becks. The early history of the lead workings at Coldberry is uncertain though more than two million tons of material had been removed from the hush prior to the mid-18th century. The mines were later worked by an extensive network of levels and dressing floors were built on artificial terraces in the 19th century. The mine declined thereafter though an oreshoot was worked between the late 1930s and 1953. The Coldberry Gutter hush measures 1.7 metres long and is up to 50 metres wide by 30 metres deep. At the east end of the hush stand the remains of the largely mid-19th century Coldberry Mine built by the London Lead Company. The mine includes a two-storey mine lodging shop, a stable and smithy block, and a roofed powder store. All are Grade II Listed Buildings. The dressing floors situated to the south west have been landscaped following the removal of the waste tips for reprocessing, though extensive deposits relating to the 19th century are considered to survive below ground. The remains of a 5 metre diameter round buddle is exposed on the lower floors, together with in situ timber lining, a range of timber settling tanks and areas of flooring of edge laid fire bricks, suggesting that other buried features will survive in adjacent areas. In addition, the monument includes the remains of a water balance incline, which is one of only two known examples in the North Pennines. This consists of a concrete engine bed and a walled incline. To the west of Coldberry Mine ore works is Slate Sill level. The level has an intact corbelled arch portal, and adjacent remains of a two-roomed mineshop. Associated with the lead mine is an extensive water management system of earthen dams and leats. Scheduled.
More information : Coldberry Lead Mine includes Slate Sill Mine and
comprises:
Coldberry Gutter, hush
At least two water channels
One dam and four old dams
One reservoir
Four levels including the Dog Level
One shaft and at least twenty seven old
shafts
Two tramways
One crushing mill
A number of troughs (unclear) suggesting a
washing floor. (1)

Works Manorgill/Lodgesike Vein (Coldberry Gutter),
output unknown, also Hardberry Hill Vein,
Richardsons Vein and Hunt's Coldberry Vein.
Worked by the London Lead Co (1852-1902), and
subsequently by Mr R W Raine (1907-12), who sank
Raines shaft at NY 9317 2868.
At some time the mine was explored by English Lead
Mines Ltd and a little ore was produced which was
processed during World War II
Reworked after 1945 by Coldberry Mines Ltd. (2)

Expansion of mine workings shown on 2nd edn
mapping. (3)

Listed. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1859
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Volume 1: Tyne to Stainmore
Source details :
Page(s) : 247, 248, 249
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1898
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 03-Jul-97
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Teesdale, 26-NOV-1987
Page(s) : 62-64
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Industrial Monuments Assessment, Step 3 Reports
Source details : The Lead Industry, Vol.2, Durham 1a, 1992
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Before mid C18
Monument End Date : 1766
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Lead Mine, Hush, Dam, Leat
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Mid C19
Monument End Date : 1866
Monument Start Date : 1833
Monument Type : Lead Mine, Adit, Portal, Buddle, Settling Pit, Stable, Blacksmiths Workshop, Powder Magazine, Mine Building, Inclined Plane, Dressing Floor, Washing Floor, Dam, Leat
Evidence : Subterranean Feature, Structure, Extant Building, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Between late 1930s and 1953
Monument End Date : 1953
Monument Start Date : 1937
Monument Type : Lead Workings
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 111897
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : North Pennines Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : 2011
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 28911
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 111898
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 111899
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 111900
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 92 NW 45
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 959617
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 964160
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: NORTH PENNINES INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY PROJECT
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31