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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 974426

Hob Uid: 974426
Location :
Somerset
West Somerset
Exford
Grid Ref : SS8200337491
Summary : Evidence of iron mining activity of probable post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs as the earthwork remains of an adit gulley and associated spoil heap located to the north of an area of probable prospecting pits. Within the area of prospection the location of a shaft, probably for ventilation, can be seen as a circular hollow.
More information : For details see county SMR. (1)

A shaft, adit and spoil heap are depicted on the Ordnance Survey 2nd edition 25" mapping of 1904 (source 2).

Centred at SS 8202 3752 are the remains of an iron mine. It consists of a linear gulley 5m wide, 0.6m deep and about 30m long. A very disturbed spoil heap is visible at its north-eastern end. The site of the shaft, some 84m to the south-west of the adit gulley, is marked by a sub-circular hollow 5.2m in diameter and 0.5 m deep. The shaft lies in an extensive area of shallow surface scoops and depressions, which are probably prospecting pits. (3)

Earthwork evidence for iron mining of probable post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs centred on circa SS 8203 3754. The remains consist of an adit gulley, evidence for a former air shaft and area of possible prospecting pits.
The adit gulley is centred on circa 8207 3757, is up to 48 metres in length and 7 wide with an associated spoil heap at its north-eastern tip.
To the south of the gulley, shallow surface scoops and depressions can be seen to cover an area of circa 2.5 hectares. As described above, these probably represent a period of speculative ore prospecting.
Within this area, the location of a shaft, probably for ventilation, can be seen as a larger and deeper circular hollow centred on circa SS 81973750. (4-5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Somerset C C SMR 29 Sep 1986
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey 2nd edition 25" mapping 1904. Somerset sheet VL.11.
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson-North W R 09-AUG-1995 RCHME Field Investigation.
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Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G/UK/1655 (F20) 3420-1 11-JUL-1946
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 543/2821 (F62) 162-3 27-APR-1964
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Ironstone Mine, Shaft, Spoil Heap, Prospecting Pit, Extractive Pit
Evidence : Subterranean Feature, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33592
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO6747
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 83 NW 22
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : NAR/SMR DATA EXCHANGE PILOT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01