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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 974582

Hob Uid: 974582
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Winsford
Grid Ref : SS8720135580
Summary : Earthworks suggested as being representative of a deserted farmstead were identified from aerial photographs, to the north-west of Great Ash. The possible earthworks define a rectilinear enclosure over 50 metres in length and circa 25 metres wide. Field investigation could find no evidence of such a settlement.
More information : For details see county SMR. (1)
The SMR entry describes a `fairly large bank forming an irregular enclosure with small internal division and a small rectangular building on north end. The site consists of a series of vaguely defined earthwork enclosures running down a gentle north facing slope to the east of a small re-entrant with a spring. The earthworks have been ploughed and are now difficult to assess, but the general character suggests a deserted farm site. Not mentioned in Aston's list of deserted settlements'.

At SS 8715 3565 on north facing slopes in an improved pasture field is a spring. The area around the spring has become trampled and puddled by animal access to the water. It is this activity perhaps combined with a fence or enclosure around the spring that has lead to the suggestion that there are earthworks here indicative of a deserted farmstead. However, no trace of settlement could be found. (2)

A possible rectilinear earthwork defined enclosure is visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s, centred on circa SS 87193557. The banks appear to be up to 6 metres in width, and define a rectilinear enclosure over 50 metres in length and circa 25 metres across. The eastern side is less clearly visible and may contain an entrance. The internal features and structure described by the above authorities could not be seen. The possible enclosure cannot be seen on later aerial photographs and it may therefore have been levelled by agricultural improvements. However, such improvements are not evident on the photographs available to the survey during the timescale in which this feature became unclear, and it is possible that the feature was non-archaeological in origin. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Somerset C C SMR 29 Sep 1986
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North 16-SEP-1997 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 4352-3 11-APR-1947
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Settlement, Rectilinear Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th Century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Non Antiquity
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO8571
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 34245
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 83 NE 44
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, NAR/SMR DATA EXCHANGE PILOT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01