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Historic England Research Records

New Buckenham

Hob Uid: 982572
Location :
Norfolk
Breckland
New Buckenham
Grid Ref : TM0880090480
Summary : New Buckenham was originally a town laid out beyond the castle bailey founded in the late 12th century by William de Albini, Earl of Sussex. A text survives from him to the burgesses confirming grants of Earl William his father and Earl William his grandfather. This takes the origin of the castle back to either the founder of the castle, who died in 1176, or to his son who died in 1193. It was first recorded as a borough in 1247-8. The town had a rectilinear layout comparable to a similar settlement laid out by the de Albinis near to the castle at Rising. The settlement was square in plan and surrounded by a boundary ditch and canalized stream on three sides, of which there are some extant remains. Within the boundary of this defensive ditch are many 15th to 18th century houses, many now fronted with 19th century brick, and the 15th century parish church. It is thought that the plan was altered by the foundation of this parish church originally constructed by Robert de Tateshale in the mid-late 13th century and also by the construction of buildings over the southern market in the 16th century, of which the original limit is now marked by Boosey's Walk. There have been a series of evaluation, excavation and stray finds on the site which have yielded many examples of Medieval and Post Medieval pottery as well as animal remains from a butchery site.
More information : TM 0880 9048. New Buckenham. (1)

New Buckenham was founded circa 1170 by William de Albini. It is first recorded as a borough in 1247-8. (2)

Excavation in 1986 produced 'negative evidence' (3)

New Buckenham was laid out in a simple rectilinear pattern similar to another settlement founded by the de Albinis at Rising. The town was surrounded by a defensive ditch boundary on three sides of which there are still extant elements today. The northeastern side is thought to have been used as a tannery pit in later years which may be the reason it is still in existence. The layout is preserved relatively well in the existing layout of the settlement. The town is first listed as a borough in 1247-8 and the settlement still contains a mostly 15th century church and many 15th to 17th century buildings now covered by 19th century brick fronts. The church was originally constructed in the 13th century by Robert de Tateshale which probably altered the layout of the town. The construction of buildings over the southern market square by 1529 is also thought to have had an impact. A series of evaluations, excavations and stray finds have yielded many examples of Medieval and Post Medieval pottery sherds as well as some animal remains from a reported butchery site. (4-5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : English medieval boroughs : a hand-list
Source details :
Page(s) : 140
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 6: Bulletin
Source details : 1986
Page(s) : 67-68
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 31
Source Number : 4
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : S. Rigold. (1980). New Buckenham Castle.
Page(s) : 352-353
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 137
Source Number : 5
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 2008. Norfolk Heritage Explorer, Norfolk County Council. http://www.heritage.norfolk.gov.uk [Accessed: 27-FEB-2008]
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Founded late C12
Monument End Date : 1200
Monument Start Date : 1166
Monument Type : Town, House, Boundary Ditch, Butchery Site
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Extant Building, Earthwork, Stratified Find
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Layout altered C16.
Monument End Date : 1701
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Town
Evidence : Extant Building, Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Town, House, Boundary Ditch, Butchery Site
Object Type : SHERD, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery, Bone
Period : Post Medieval
Component Monument Type : Town
Object Type : SHERD
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 9200
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 41233
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 39661
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 40626
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 40625
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 40623
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TM 09 SE 38
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1358421
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 387635
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, MARKET PLACE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DICKEN COTTAGE, MARSH LANE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD POLICE HOUSE, CHAPEL STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CORNER COTTAGE, MARKET PLACE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND ADJACENT TO 'WILLOW DENE', MARSH LANE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31