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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 36905

Hob Uid: 36905
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Carhampton
Grid Ref : SS9935342155
Summary : A series of hollow-ways or parkhorse ways visible as earthworks near Bat's Castle in Dunster Park. They appear to pre-date the deer park (first recorded in 1279) and probably went out of use with the emparking in 1755. Field investigations by RCHME staff in 1998 found the earthworks averaging 3 metres in width and 0.8 metres deep.
More information : [SS 9931 4214] Earthworks [NR] (1)

Facing Bat's Castle and commanding the combe running south-west from it is a line of two shallow trenches about 100 yards long cut in the hillside, one about 15-18ft. above the other. In all probability these are trenches made during the investment of the Castle at the time of the Civil War. (2)

These "earthworks" appear to be nothing more than parallel hollow-ways. They certainly pre-date the deer park in which they are situated, and probably went out of use with the emparking in 1755. (3)

Additional bibliography. (4)

A series of hollow ways or packhorse ways averaging 3 m across and 0.8 m deep. (5)

The hollow ways or packhorse roads described above are clearly visible on aerial photographs. They are very similar to packhorse roads seen elsewhere on Exmoor, such as those around the boundaries of the former Royal Forest (see NMR UID 1044231) (6).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history Somerset, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 523
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GHP 20-JUN-65
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society Parish Surveys: 3 Carhampton 1980 15 No D1 (J Dixon)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : R Wilson-North 4 April 1998 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 3190-91 11-APR-1947
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Hollow Way, Packhorse Road
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Out of use by 1755
Monument End Date : 1755
Monument Start Date : 1755
Monument Type : Hollow Way, Packhorse Road
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33444
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO9085
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 94 SE 20
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 36936
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 94 SE 20
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-06-20
End Date : 1965-06-20
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01