HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Flagstones Enclosure

Hob Uid: 983955
Location :
Dorset
West Dorset
Dorchester
Grid Ref : SY7040089900
Summary : Site of a Neolithic enclosure, approximately half of which was excavated 1987-8. The earliest features were a series of pits which pre-dated the enclosure. They contained material of mid 4th millennium BC date, including pottery, flints and animal bone. Some other pits which lay close to the line of the later enclosure, but again preceded it, have been suggested to represent the remnants of a stone setting. The enclosure, circular in shape, comprises a single circuit of unevenly spaced pits and was constructed in the late 4th millennium BC. The chalk walls of some of the pit/ditch segments featured engraved designs, probably cut with flint. An adult cremation and two child inhumations were also placed on the bottom of ditch sections, each beneath a slab of sandstone or sarsen. Finds of pottery, flint and animal bone were few in quantity. The flint appears to be of later Neolithic character. In the Early Bronze Age, a grave was cut in the centre of the enclosed area, comprising a ring ditch and mound associated with a crouched inhumation. The mound seems to have subsequently acted as a focus for much flint-knapping activity. Other features of neolithic or Bronze Age date in the interior comprise mainly pits. There appears to have been no significant activity at the site from the Middle Bronze Age until the Late Iron Age, when a field system was laid out in the area, associated with nearby settlement. The Neolithic enclosure itself is anomalous in a number of respects when compared with causewayed enclosures generally, notably in terms of its shape (an almost perfect circle), the nature of the ditch deposits (a general lack of the sort of placed deposits which characterise many sites), and particularly its later date. Comparisons have been made instead with the first phase of Stonehenge.
More information : SY 704 899 (FCE) A rapid examination of air photography (1a) shows the excavation of an arc of pits or an interrupted ditch, possibly forming an enclosure of Prehistoric or Roman date (possibly a Neolithic causewayed enclosure). (1)

(SY 704 899) The site was included in RCHME's national project to record Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic (2). In view of the extensive excavation which has taken place on the site no detailed photographic transcription or fieldwork was carried out. However, site visits were undertaken and the Monarch record was enhanced. (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Andrew Miller/15-FEB-1993/RCHME: AP Primary Recording Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : JRB 3425: 05-15; JRB 3421: 18
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHME: Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Excavations along the route of the Dorchester by-pass, Dorset, 1986-8
Source details : Healy, F. Flagstones (plus separate finds reports and syntheses).
Page(s) : 27-47, 86FF, 277FF
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.11

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Causewayed Enclosure, Stone Setting, Pit, Inhumation, Rock Carving
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow, Ring Ditch, Crouched Inhumation, Lithic Working Site
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Field System
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Causewayed Enclosure, Stone Setting, Pit, Inhumation, Rock Carving
Object Type : CREMATION, VESSEL, ANIMAL REMAINS, LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Object Material : Pottery, Flint
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Round Barrow, Ring Ditch, Crouched Inhumation, Lithic Working Site
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SY 78 NW 67
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : DORCHESTER BY-PASS: LOUD'S PIECE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1982-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31
Associated Activities : FLAGSTONES HOUSE (DORCHESTER BY-PASS SITE 3)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : RCHME: AIR PHOTOGRAPH PRIMARY RECORDING PROJECT 1992-1996
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : FLAGSTONES ENCLOSURE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31