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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 619460

Hob Uid: 619460
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : ST2261224604
Summary : A middle-late Saxon inhumation cemetery situated within the area of Taunton Castle. Human remains have been recorded from this area thoughout the 19th and 20th century, including within the area of the cattle market. In 1972 the remains of four adults and an infant were found by a boundary wall between the Castle Garden and Castle Green on the west side of the castle entrance. A further 18 inhumations were found during the conversion of the old Coin Room at the castle onto a local study library. Radio carbon dating of one of the burials suggest a Late Saxon date. The cemetery was probably associated with the Late Saxon minister thought to be situated within the castle precinct. (HOB UID 190832 - NMR ST 22 SW 44) possibly on the site of the later Chapel of St. Peter in the Castle's outer bailey.
More information : An examination of past records of human remains found near Castle Green, Taunton (centred at ST 226245) suggest that the Green is approximately centred to an extensive cemetery extending from the Castle, across Castle Green to the south, and as far as St. Paul's House to the west. A skeleton found beneath the library at ST 226244 in 1978 yielded a carbon-14 date of 860+/- 70 years AD. If the cemetery is early medieval, it suggests that the Saxon minster of Taunton (NAR ST 22 SW 44) was also in the vicinity of Castle Green, possibly on the site of the later Chapel of St. Peter in the Castle's outer bailey (1-2).

Further human remains were found behind the Winchester Arms (ST 2256) during renovations. (3)

A middle-late Saxon inhumation cemetery situated within the area of Taunton Castle. Human remains have been recorded from this area thoughout the 19th and 20th century, including within the area of the cattle market. In 1972 the remains of four adults and an infant were found by a boundary wall between the Castle Garden and Castle Green on the west side of the castle entrance. A further 18 inhumations were found during the conversion of the old Coin Room at the castle onto a local study library. Radio carbon dating of one of the burials suggest a Late Saxon date. The cemetery was probably associated with the Late Saxon minister thought to be situated within the castle precinct. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18-Feb-79
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society, Bath
Source details : CF Clements
Page(s) : 90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 123, 1979
Source Number : 2a
Source : Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society, Bath
Source details : CF Clements
Page(s) : 131
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 122, 1978
Source Number : 3
Source : Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 35, Feb-1985
Source Number : 4
Source : Gazetteer of Early Medieval Sites (unpublished thesis, 2006 by Dr A.K Cherryson))
Source details :
Page(s) : 135
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Late Saxon
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 870
Monument Type : Inhumation Cemetery
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 44407
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22851
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 22 SW 121
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 190841
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, TAUNTON CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TAUNTON CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE GREEN GAS MAIN
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31