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Historic England Research Records

Civil Bombing Decoy C6c

Hob Uid: 1468251
Location :
Lancashire
West Lancashire
Great Altcar
Grid Ref : SD3470003800
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy site at Lydiate. It was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool to deflect enemy bombing from Aintree marshalling yard. The site functioned as both a 'QF' and 'QL' decoy. The 'QF' decoy consisted of a series of controlled fires lit during an air raid to replicate a target struck by bombs. The 'QL' decoy displayed railway marshalling yard lighting, tram flashes and loco glows to simulate Aintree. The site is referenced as being in use between 1941 and 1943. Aerial photography from 1975 shows a control building standing at the site and its protective earthen mound visible as a grassmark. The control building would have housed an operations room and provided the decoy crew with shelter. Lydiate was one of fourteen civil bombing decoy sites for Liverpool.
More information : A Second World War 'QF' and 'QL' bombing decoy located at Lydiate (SD 347 038). It was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool to protect Aintree marshalling yard. It is referenced as being in use between 02-OCT-1942 and 01-MAY-1943.
Further civil bombing decoy sites for Liverpool were located at Formby (SD 284 048), Little Crosby (SD 307 017), Knowsley (SJ 421 955), Halewood (SJ 461 866), Hale (SJ 454 833), Ince (SJ 472 767), Brimstage (SJ 297 833), Moreton (SJ 247 909), Hoylake (SJ 229 882), Heswall (SJ 245 820), Little Hilber (SJ 189 872), Burton Marsh (SJ 286 749) and Gayton (SJ 269 796). (1)

Aerial photography from 1975 shows a control building standing at the site and its protective earthen mound visible as a grassmark. (2)

NGR concords with that given in source 1. The first civil decoys for Liverpool were in place by the summer of 1941. The bombing decoys for Liverpool had limited success, possibly because the decoys were positioned too far out from their intended targets. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 126,133,160
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two bombing decoy sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 57
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 135,213,277
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Built in 1941
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1941
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy, Decoy Site Shelter
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SD 30 SW 37
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Associated Monuments : 1468260
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31