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Historic England Research Records

Maglona Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 9942
Location :
Cumbria
Allerdale
Westward
Grid Ref : NY2597046440
Summary : The site of the Roman fort of Maglona at Old Carlisle. It was excavated in 1956, when evidence of 2nd to 3rd century occupation was found. To the north, south and east sides of the fort is evidence of a vicus, including a probable mansio and an aqueduct which may have supplied a bath building on the valley floor. There are 29 Roman inscriptions from the site and an altar to Jupiter-Vulcan. The fort encloses an area of 4.5 acres (1.82 hectares).
More information : [Centred at NY 2597 4644] Olenacum Roman Fort [GS] (1)

The Roman fort of Oldenacum (3) at Old Carlisle, seems to have been surrounded by a double ditch. There are 29 Roman inscriptions from the site (2).
In the field to the east of the fort the plough has revealed great quantities of Samian, Caistor and coarse pottery, tiles & slates and building stones. Near the field centre a mass of mixed charcoal would seem to indicate a hypocaust (2). There are considerable surface indications of closely packed buildings to the south of the fort -between it and the modern main road, and air photos [DS 058 J.K. St.J.] also show a further series south of the latter road. (3). In 1956 the NE corner of OS field No.771 (south of the modern road) was excavated. Traces of walls & paved floors were revealed. Provisional assessment of pottery found in this area indicated 2nd-3rd century occupation (4). (2-4)

An altar to Jupiter - Vulcan found at old Carlisle in 1842 is now in Carlisle Museum. (5)

Generally as described, and in fair condition.
Resurveyed at 1:2500.The area of civil settlement is represented everywhere by broken and stony ground, but no identifiable remains survive. (6)

Name `OLENACVM' accepted for 4th. edition R.B.Map.
MAGLONA. Probably the Roman fort at Old Carlisle. (The name OLENACUM formerly applied to Old Carlisle is now attributed to Elslack fort -SD 94 NW/2). (7)

The fort encloses an area of 4.5 acres (1.82 ha). Traces of the vicus exist around the north, south and east sides of the fort. On a level area approx. 75m south of the southern gate is the outline of a large courtyard building which is probably a mansio. There are traces of an ancient rock-cut aqueduct leading along the valley on the east side of the stream and only just above it. This may possibly represent a water supply for a bath-building placed somewhere on the floor of the valley. (8-9)

NY 260465. Westward. Roman remains at Old Carlisle near Red Dial. Scheduled no 8. (10)

The Roman Fort road network and vicus was photographed in 2006 when elements of the site were showing clearly as parched marks. (11-12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1957
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Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 103-119
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Vol(s) : N.S. 28 - 1928
Source Number : 11
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NY 2646/102 (20599/04) 28-JUL-2006
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Source Number : 12
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NY 2646/104 (20599/06) 28-JUL-2006
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Source : Old Carlisle/ink
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Source : Old Carlisle/field sheet 4
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Source : Old Carlisle/pencil survey 1
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Source : Old Carlisle/field sheet 6
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Source : Old Carlisle/field sheet 3
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Source : Old Carlisle/field sheet 5
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Source : Old Carlisle/field sheet 2
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Source : Old Carlisle/profiles
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Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 16-39
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Vol(s) : N.S. 51 - 1951
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 15-31
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Vol(s) : N.S. 59 - 1959
Source Number : 5
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 177
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Vol(s) : N.S. 50 - 1950
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey archaeology field investigator, BHP, 28-FEB-1968
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Source Number : 7
Source : The place-names of Roman Britain
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Page(s) : 407
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Source Number : 8
Source : Roman Britain from the air
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Page(s) : 116-118
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Source Number : 9
Source : Settlement in North Britain 1000 BC - AD 1000 : papers presented to George Jobey, Newcastle upon Tyne, December 1982
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Page(s) : 197-9
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Vol(s) : 118
Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Monuments in England, 1978, vol 1, p 17
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 299
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Fort, Vicus, Mansio, Aqueduct, Altar, Hypocaust
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Fort, Vicus, Mansio, Aqueduct, Altar, Hypocaust
Object Type : TILE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 8
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 24 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1474048
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : OLD CARLISLE (OLENACVM), FIELD 771
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1956-01-01
End Date : 1956-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 24 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-02-28
End Date : 1968-02-28
Associated Activities : SYKE ROAD, WIGTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT OLD CARLISLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : EH AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE (NORTH): 2006-7
Activity type : AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE
Start Date : 2006-04-01
End Date : 2007-03-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT OLD CARLISLE FARM
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31