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Name:Middle Street, Brighton : C16 blockhouse (Site of)
HER Ref:MES189
Type of record:Monument


  • Conservation Area: Old Town CA


Blockhouse built in 1559 and partly damaged by sea erosion 1748 and was in ruins by 1773.

Grid Reference:TQ 3089 0392
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Types

  • BLOCKHOUSE (AD 16th Century to AD 18th Century - 1559 AD to 1778 AD)


The Block House, the town's chief defence and a store-house for arms, was built in 1559, on the cliff near the S end of Middle Street. The undercliff was eventually washed away, the sea undermined the foundations, and part of the building fell down in 1748. Its ruins are shown in an engraving of 1773, standing at the extreme edge of the cliff. (1)
(TQ 30900392) Site of Block House. Old Town joined this building on the E. (2)
No further information. (3)
drawing by S Hooper dated 1785 added to record [4]


<1>Collection: Victoria History of the Counties of England:. Sussex vol 7 (1940) pp 245-6 (C Jamison).
<2>(No record type): Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Map Collection Reference . Corr 6" (E C Curwen 1951).
<3>Correspondence: 1952. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comment. F1 AC 28-FEB-52.
<4>Verbal communication: Pers. Comm. (verbal). 22/5/2019 Greg Chuter (ESCC).

Associated Events

  • Field observation on TQ 30 SW 16

Associated Monuments - none recorded

Associated Finds - none recorded