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HER Number:22645
Type of record:Find Spot


1st century AD Roman pottery and environmental evidence, found in three evaluation trenches at Eastfield Farm, 2012.

Grid Reference:SE 944 211
Map Sheet:SE92SW
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (RO:C1,C2, Roman - 54 AD to 399 AD)

Protected Status - None

Associated Finds

  • PLANT MACRO REMAINS (Roman - 54 AD to 100 AD)
  • SHERD (Roman - 54 AD to 399 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 100 AD to 250 AD)

Associated Events

  • Proposed potato store, Eastfield Farm, Winteringham

Full description

An archaeological evaluation consisting of five trial trenches was carried out by Pre-Construct Archaeology at Eastfield Farm, 2012. This work was in advance of the demolition of existing farm buildings and the construction of a new potato store. Evidence of early Roman occupation was found in Trenches 1 - 3, in the northern section of the farmyard.

Trench 1 was centred to SE94422119. Overlying natural sand was a shallow sandy silt layer, containing a small amount of pottery dating to the Neronian period, 54-68 AD. An environmental sample was later found to contain charred grains of emmer or spelt wheat. Above this layer was a sand, gravel and mineralised silt layer containing a sherd of early 3rd century pottery; this was overlain by a sandy silt clay with 3rd-4th century pottery and a fragment of Roman brick. Undated dark grey sandy clay was above this, possibly representing made ground. It was cut by a pit containing undated charcoal and ceramic building material. The layers above this were modern.

Trench 2 was 8m to the east, centred to SE94442119. The earliest layers here were a possible buried subsoil and a buried topsoil. No dating evidence was found.

Trench 3 was 12m east of Trench 2, centred to SE94462120. A small oval pit feature was recorded, cutting into natural sand. It measured 0.5m by 0.46m, maximum 0.08m deep. An environmental sample from the fill contained charred seeds of wild species, possibly weeds associated with cultivation. Above this were a buried subsoil and topsoil, similar to those in Trench 2. Here, the subsoil contained some dating evidence - Neronian pottery of 54-68 AD.

The dating evidence from these trenches was consistent with the earliest phase of a Roman road encountered in Trenches 4 and 5. The environmental evidence suggested that cereals were being prepared and consumed nearby. [1]

<1> Parker, N., Savage, R.D., & Johnson, M., 2012, Proposed Potato Store, Eastfield Farm, Winteringham, North Lincolnshire, 6-7, 10, Appendix 3, 6 (REPORT - INTERIM, RESEARCH, SPECIALIST, ETC). SLS5769.

Sources and further reading

<1>REPORT - INTERIM, RESEARCH, SPECIALIST, ETC: Parker, N., Savage, R.D., & Johnson, M.. 2012. Proposed Potato Store, Eastfield Farm, Winteringham, North Lincolnshire. July 2012. Electronic file. 6-7, 10, Appendix 3, 6.

Related records

2068Part of: OLD WINTERINGHAM (Monument)
22646Related to: ROMAN ROAD, EASTFIELD FARM (Monument)