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Record Details

HER Number:01074
Type of record:Monument
Name:Moated Site, Shareshill


The site of a medieval moat probably excavated in the late 1950s prior to redevelopment. The moat was originally constructed in the 12th century, and altered and strengthened in the 13th century. It appears to have been destroyed by fire in the mid 14th century.

Grid Reference:SJ 9458 0671
Map Sheet:SJ90NW
Parish:Shareshill, South Staffordshire District
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Type(s):

  • MOAT (Norman to MEDIEVAL - 1100 AD to 1364 AD)

Associated Events:

  • EST1212 - A survey of moated sites in Staffordshire.
  • EST41 - An archaeological excavation at Shareshill moated site in 1959. (NRHE Name - Shareshill)

Full description

Moated Site: A rectangular moated site. Excavated in 1959 before being built over (note <2> incorrectly records the date of excavation as 1939). The moat had three phases dating from circa 1200 to 1400, with the first two phases including timber buildings and the third a possible chapel and hall. <1> <2>

The remains of the moated site to the north-east of Shareshill Village are partly obliterated by a school playground. (SB, 03-Aug-2006) <3>

The site was excavated for the Ministry of Works in 1959. The excavation revealed the moat to have originally been constructed in the 12th century and altered and strengthened in the 13th century. The site appeared to have been destroyed by a fire in the 14th century, and there was no evidence for occupation of the site after 1350. It has been suggested that the occupants may have moved to the other site within the parish of Shareshill (see PRN 01073). (SB, 03-Aug-2006) <4>

The excavation archive is recorded to be held at Stafford Museum. (SB, 08-Aug-2006) <5>

An approximate rectangular platform with external enclosure bank to the north-east arm of the moat and internal enclosure banks on all four sides of the platform. The site was destroyed by the construction of a primary school. This may have been the site of a medieval house relating to the manor of Shareshill, held of the Earldom of Stafford by the Purcell's from the 12th century. (SB, 08-Aug-2006) <6>

The earthworks were recorded as a Roman camp in 1907. (SB, 08-Aug-2006) <7>

Sources and further reading

<1>SST3636 - Published Book: The Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1908. (VCH volume 1) A History of the County of Stafford, Volume I. Volume 1 - Pages 346-8.
<2>SST390 - Index: Ordnance Survey. See cards. Ordnance Survey Card Index. SJ 90 NW - 1 (T.B.A.S. Volume 77 - Pages 42 - 58, Report on Excavations at Shareshill).
<3>SST3640 - Published Book: The Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1959. (VCH volume 5) A History of the County of Stafford, Volume V.. Volume 5 - Page 173.
<4>SST2386 - Serial: Staffordshire Archaeology/The University of Keele. 1974. Staffordshire Archaeology Volume 3 (1974). 'The Moated Sites of Staffordshire' by M.E. Hammer, page 35.
<5>SST49 - Excavation Archive: Unknown. ? C.1959. Excavation Archive for Shareshill Moat.
<6>SST2865 - Survey Archive: R. A. Meeson (Staffordshire County Council). 1983-1986. Staffordshire Moated Site Survey (Survey Notes). 01074.
<7>SST56 - Drawn: Unknown (William Salt Library Collection). Unknown. Copies of Sketch Plans of various moated sites and other earthworks in Staffordshire.. Paper. No scales given. 52/8/65 - 03-Sept-1907.
<8>SST1213 - Serial: Council for British Archaeology (Edited by Brian Stanley). 1959. West Midlands Archaeological News Sheet Number 02 (1959). Page 2.