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Record Details

HER Number:50358
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Tannery, North of Sandford Street, Lichfield


The remains of a pit complex of 16th-17th century date, identified during an archaeological evaluation and watching-brief to the north of Sandford Street in 2000. Interpreted as the site of a tannery. Further evidence for tanning activity of similar date has been identified to the south of Sandford Street (see PRN 50369).

Grid Reference:SK 1148 0941
Map Sheet:SK10NW
Parish:Lichfield, Lichfield District
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Type(s):

  • TANNERY (POST MEDIEVAL - 1500 AD to 1699 AD (between))

Associated Finds:

  • FLAKE (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC? to 1501 BC?)
  • SHERD (SAXON - 800 AD? to 1065 AD)

Associated Events:

  • EST617 - An archaeologcial evaluation of land on the northern side of Sandford Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire. (Ref: Marches Archaeology Series 083)
  • EST705 - Archaeological excavations on the north side of Sandford Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire. (Ref: Project No. 644)
  • EST745 - An archaeological desk-based assessment at Sandford Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire.
  • EST901 - An archaeological excavation and post excavation assessment at land to the north of Sandford Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire. (Ref: Project No. 644.01)

Protected Status:

    Full description

    The remains of a pit complex of 16th-17th century date, identified during an evaluation excavation and watching-brief conducted between 18-28 Sandford Street in 2000, and interpreted as the site of a tannery. The continued use of the site was seen as at least nine pits were found to cut and abut each other. These typically contained deposits of red clay linings and black, charcoal-rich silts. Pottery spanning the 16th to late-17th centuries was recovered from the pits, and two also contained cattle horn cores and a re-deposited flint flake. Deposits of ash, clinker and coal, and fragments of brick and tile were also found in the last pit that was cut. A groove was also identified in this pit where wooden slats had been inserted. No boundary to the complex was seen during the excavation.
    Additional pits of 17th century date were also excavated to the north, cutting through a buried soil layer into the remains of an earlier domestic oven or industrial kiln (PRN 50355). These pits contained deposits of brown-black silt-sand, with fragments of tile, brick, clay pipe, degraded mudstone and pottery. (JM, 24/2/03) <1>

    Sources and further reading

    <1>SST3661 - Excavation Report: K. Nichol & S. Ratkai (Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit). 2002. Archaeological Excavations on the North Side of Sandford Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire 2000. Page 10.

    Related records

    50369Related to: Site of Tannery, South of Sandford Street, Lichfield (Monument)