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Record Details

HER Number:05115
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman Villa Site, Curborough


The possible site of a villa or settlement site and a possible kiln, identified from the large number of finds of Roman date recovered from this area. Evidence for mid to late prehistoric activity (from the Mesolithic through to the Iron Age) along with early medieval and medieval was also represented in the finds assemblage.

Grid Reference:SK 1277 1202
Map Sheet:SK11SW
Parish:Curborough and Elmhurst, Lichfield District
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Type(s):

  • FINDSPOT (ROMAN - 100 AD to 399 AD)
  • VILLA? (ROMAN - 100 AD? to 399 AD?)
  • FLINT SCATTER (Early Mesolithic to Middle Bronze Age - 10000 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (MEDIEVAL - 1066 AD to 1485 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (SAXON - 410 AD? to 1065 AD?)
  • SETTLEMENT? (ROMAN - 100 AD? to 399 AD?)
  • KILN? (ROMAN - 100 AD? to 399 AD?)

Associated Finds:

  • BROOCH (ROMAN - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (ROMAN - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Norman to MEDIEVAL - 1201 AD? to 1300 AD?)

Full description

Personal Ornament: Up to 10 Romano-British brooches and four coins recovered (by metal detector) from an area circa 20 metres wide by 100 metres long in the middle of an arable field. <1>

Within several months of the above, the number of finds had increased to 40 Romano-British brooches and circa 60 coins of early 2nd to 4th century date. Also large quantities of coarse wares and mortaria, together with some tile fragments of samian, Romano-British glass and pieces of worked marble or alabaster. The large quantity of finds from the area must indicate a significant site (perhaps a settlement or a villa). <2>

Flint Scatter: Intensive field walking and metal detecting in the area of the possible Romano-British settlement also yielded more than 200 worked flints, microliths, arrowheads and scrapers ranging in sate from the Mesolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Other finds also included an Iron Age terret ring (with three clusters of grapes, quantities of medieval pottery and also a gold ring set with a ruby (of possible 13th century date). Some early medieval pottery is also said to have been recorded. <2>

The record also includes reference to a Romano-British kiln. (DAL, 01/08/2008) <2>

Sources and further reading

<1>SST3348 - Verbal communication: SOUTHWELL A. 1996.
<2>SST3451 - Unpublished document: BARKER D. 1998. TREASURE ACT FORM.