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Record Details

MonUID:MST6
HER Number:00006
Type of record:Monument
Name:Chartley Castle

Summary

The earthwork and structural remains of Chartley Castle, comprising of an inner and outer bailey with the remains of a 13th century castle and curtain wall. The standing remains are designated as a listed building and the whole monument is designated as a scheduled monument.

Grid Reference:SK 0105 2850
Map Sheet:SK02NW
Parish:Stowe, Stafford Borough
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Type(s):

Associated Events:

  • EST1090 - Archaeological building recording at Chartley Castle, Staffordshire.
  • EST480 - Un-named event/activity
  • EST538 - Un-named event/activity
  • EST474 - Un-named event/activity

Protected Status:

  • Listed Building (II*) 0603/01/005: Chartley Castle
  • Scheduled Monument 1011192: Chartley Castle, Chartley Old Hall and associated water control systems including garden remains

Full description

STRUCTURAL SURVEY INDICATED THAT THE ARROW LOOPS IN THE MIDDLE DRUM TOWER HAD BEEN REMODELED & THE EXTERNAL FACE REPLACED. THIS WORK MAY BE LINKED TO THE SERIES OF SEIGES IN 1264-6. MARY PROBABLY HELD IN NEARBY HALL RATHER THAN THE MEDIAEVAL CASTLE. <no source given>

IN C13 THE MOTTE AND INNER BAILEY WERE CONVERTED INTO A STONE CASTLE, A SHELL KEEP BEING BUILT ON THE MOTTE AND THE BAILEY DEFENDED BY A CURTAIN WALL WITH SEMI-DRUM TOWERS. ASHLAR MASONRY WITH A RUBBLE CORE. THE SHELL KEEP WAS 10.5M IN INTERNAL DIAMETER WITH 3.5M THICK WALLS. THE ENTRANCE FROM OUTER TO INNER BAILEY WAS PROBABLY BETWEEN TOWERS 3 AND 4 BUT NO TRACE REMAINS. ACROSS THE SE CORNER OF THE OUTER BAILEY DITCH IS A CAUSEWAY FROM WHICH A ROAD LED DOWN TO THE STAFFORD-UTTOXETER ROAD. MOTTE AND BAILEY. ON TOP OF A NATURAL HILL, THE EARLIEST CASTLE WAS A NORMAN MOTTE WITH AN INNER AND OUTER BAILEY ON THE EASILY ACCESSIBLE E SIDE OF THE MOTTE. CASTLE. THE CASTLE WAS RUINOUS WHEN VISITED BY LELAND IN 1545, BUT MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS WAS KEPT PRISONER THERE FROM JAN TO SEPT 1586.<1>

THE MOTTE WAS 18M IN DIAMETER WITH A DITCH 24M-30M WIDE, THE BOTTOM OF WHICH VARIES 7M-13M BELOW THE PRESENT TOP OF THE MOUND. RANULPH BUILT THE STONE CASTLE IN THE 1ST QUARTER OF C13. THE CURTAIN WALL OF THE INNER BAILEY HAD 5 TOWERS ALONG S AND E SIDES. THE OUTER BAILEY IS COMPLETELY DITCHED, CAUSEWAY ON SE. OUTER ENCLOSING BANK AROUND DITCHES. <2>

IN 1153 THE CASTLE PASSED FROM EARL OF CHESTER TO FERRERS FAMILY. IN 1192 CUSTODY AND REPAIRS DEVOLVED UPON THE CROWN. <3>

Sources and further reading

---SST270 - Published Book: Timothy Mowl and Dianne Barr. 2009. The Historic Gardens of England: Staffordshire. page 18.
---SST3913 - Building Recording Report: Iain Soden (Northamptonshire Archaeology). 1998. Chartley Castle, Staffordshire: Archaeological Building Recording.
<1>SST390 - Index: Ordnance Survey. See cards. Ordnance Survey Card Index. SK 02 NW - 1 (V.J. Burton - Ordnance Survey Field Inspector - 18-Feb-1958).
<2>SST390 - Index: Ordnance Survey. See cards. Ordnance Survey Card Index. SK 02 NW - 1 (T.N.S.F.C. Volume 39 (1904-1905) pages 143-149 (by A. Scrivener)).
<3>SST390 - Index: Ordnance Survey. See cards. Ordnance Survey Card Index. SK 02 NW - 1 ('Staffordshire Historical Collection' Volume 2 (1881) page 21 (by Rev. R.W. Eyton)).
<4>SST109 - Graphic material: SITES AND MONUMENTS RECORD. 6:CARD 2.
<5>SST2107 - Serial: University of Keele. 1966. North Staffordshire Journal of Field Studies volume 6 (1966). 'The Medieval Castles of Staffordshire' by L.M. Cantor - Page 43.
<6>SST1963 - Photographic: Staffordshire County Council. 1960s onward. Staffordshire County Council Photographic Collection. various. 1-8 (1960).
<7>SST144 - Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1970s-1980s. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph Collection. Black and White. Oblique. AA66:2515.
<8>SST7 - Photographic: 6 OF.
<9>SST3723 - Designation Record: Department for Culture Media and Sport / English Heritage. Ongoing. Scheduled Monument Designation Documents and Scheduled Monument Consents. AM7.
<10>SST3723 - Designation Record: Department for Culture Media and Sport / English Heritage. Ongoing. Scheduled Monument Designation Documents and Scheduled Monument Consents. A.M. 12 (C.A. Snowdon, 1981).
<11>SST3723 - Designation Record: Department for Culture Media and Sport / English Heritage. Ongoing. Scheduled Monument Designation Documents and Scheduled Monument Consents. A.M. 107 (C.A. Snowdon, 1984).
<12>SST3423 - Descriptive text: SODEN I, THORNE A & BAKER T . 1998. CHARLEY. VOL 41, P 72-3.
<14>SST216 - Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. Ongoing. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs (CUCAP). EX73 by J.K. St. Joseph (Copy Held in the HER).

Related records

00732Parent of: Chartley Deer Park (Monument)
40258Parent of: Fishpond, Stowe by Chartley (Monument)

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