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Record Details

MonUID:MST7
HER Number:00007
Type of record:Monument
Name:Heighley Castle

Summary

The listed and scheduled remains of a medieval castle, which is probably of mainly early 13th century date.

Grid Reference:SJ 7724 4674
Map Sheet:SJ74NE
Parish:Madeley, Newcastle Under Lyme Borough
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Monument Type(s):

  • CASTLE (Built, Norman - 1223 AD to 1223 AD (Circa))
  • DEER PARK (Norman to MEDIEVAL - 1200 AD to 1299 AD)

Associated Events:

  • EST1871 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2008
  • EST466 - Un-named event/activity
  • EST260 - Un-named event/activity
  • EST509 - A site visit to Blore Heath Battlefield and Heighley Castle by a Field Monument Warden in1984.
  • EST1944 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2009 (West Midlands Region)
  • EST2052 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2010 (West Midlands Region)
  • EST2248 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2011 (West Midlands Region)
  • EST2483 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2012 (West Midlands Region)
  • EST2484 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2013 (West Midlands Region)
  • EST2485 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2014 (West Midlands Region)
  • EST2552 - Heritage at Risk Survey 2015 (West Midlands Region)

Protected Status:

  • Listed Building (II) 0408/02/052: Heighley Castle
  • Scheduled Monument 1011070: Heighley Castle

Full description

DEERPARK: IN 1223 HENRY III GAVE HENRY DE AUDLEY 12 HINDS TO STOCK HIS PARK ADJACENT TO HEIGHLEY CASTLE. CASTLE: CASTLE BUILT ON A NATURAL HILL AND SURROUNDED BY A VAST ROCK CUT MOAT CIRCA 9M DEEP AND 15M WIDE ON THE TWO ACCESSIBLE SIDES. <1>

ELONGATED ENCLOSURE WITH CURTAIN WALL. ONLY ONE SECTION OF THE WALL STANDS TO SOME HEIGHT. ON LOWER, S END OF THE PLATFORM IS A STRONG RETAINING WALL, AND A 3M FRAGMENT POSSIBLY OF A TOWER. THE ENTRANCE WAS PROBABLY ON THE W FACE WHERE THERE ARE APPARENT REMAINS OF ANOTHER TOWER. BUILT IN RED SANDSTONE. REMAINS OF C13 ARCADING ON ONE WALL. THERE IS AN ANCIENT WELL ON THE SITE. <2>

THE CASTLE WAS PROBABLY BUILT CIRCA 1223, WHEN HENRY III GAVE HENRY DE AUDLEY 12 HINDS TO STOCK HIS PARK ADJACENT TO THE CASTLE. THE CASTLE WAS PROBABLY NOT MAINTAINED IN GOOD CONDITION AS RETURNS FROM 1299, 1308 AND 1316 SHOW. DEMOLISHED BY PARLIAMENTARIANS IN 1644 TO PREVENT ITS USE BY ROYALISTS. <3>

PEAR SHAPED BAILEY. GATEHOUSE MAY HAVE BEEN AT N END OF W SIDE OF BAILEY NEAR CAUSEWAY ACROSS MOAT. REMAINS OF TWO BUILDINGS VISIBLE WITHIN BAILEY, ONE WITH RESPOND FOR A VAULTED ROOF. THE KEEP WAS PROBABLY AT THE N END OF THE BAILEY. <4> <5> <6>

Identified as being at risk on the 2008 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 14-Jun-2016)<8>
Identified as being at risk on the 2009 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 15-Jun-2016)<9>
Identified as being at risk on the 2010 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 20-Jun-2016)<10>
Identified as being at risk on the 2011 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 20-Jun-2016)<11>
Identified as being at risk on the 2012 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 21-Jun-2016)<12>
Identified as being at risk on the 2013 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 29-Jun-2016)<13>
Identified as being at risk on the 2014 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 1-July-2016) <14>
Identified as being at risk on the 2015 Heritage at Risk Register. (RH, 7-July-2016) <15>
Included in the 1998 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 28/08/18)<16>
Included in the 1999 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 18/09/18) <17>
Included in the 2000 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 25/10/18) <18>
Included in the 2001 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 04/12/18) <19>
Included in the 2002 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 08/01/19) <20>
Included in the 2003 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 05/02/19) <21>
Included in the 2004 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 19/02/19) <22>
Included in the 2005 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 26/02/19) <23>
Included in the 2006 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 09/04/19) <24>
Included in the 2007 Buildings at Risk Register. (VF, 16/04/19) <25>

Sources and further reading

<1>SST3636 - Published Book: The Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1908. (VCH volume 1) A History of the County of Stafford, Volume I. Page 352.
<2>SST372 - Designation Record: Department of the Environment. Ongoing. Listed Buildings of Special Architectural or Historical Importance (Green and Blue Backs).
<3>SST2107 - Serial: University of Keele. 1966. North Staffordshire Journal of Field Studies volume 6 (1966). 'The Medieval Castles of Staffordshire' by L.M. Cantor - Page 44.
<4>SST1963 - Photographic: Staffordshire County Council. 1960s onward. Staffordshire County Council Photographic Collection. various. A. Clarke - 1977 - 49-50.
<5>SST390 - Index: Ordnance Survey. See cards. Ordnance Survey Card Index. SJ 74 NE - 7 (T.N.S.F.C. Volume 77, 1843, page 63 ( By D. G. Harnaman).
<6>SST390 - Index: Ordnance Survey. See cards. Ordnance Survey Card Index. SJ 74 NE - 7 ('Madeley, Staffordshire' by R. Nicholls, 1935, pages 10-11).
<7>SST3723 - Designation Record: Department for Culture Media and Sport / English Heritage. Ongoing-2016. Scheduled Monument Designation Documents, Scheduled Monument Consents and Section 17 Management Agreements. AM7.
<8>SST120 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2008. Heritage At Risk Register 2008. Page 287.
<9>SST1070 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009 (West Midlands). Page 51.
<10>SST1187 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010 (West Midlands). Page 43.
<11>SST1710 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011 (West Midlands). Page 42.
<12>SST4752 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2012. Heritage at Risk Register 2012 (West Midlands). Page 43.
<13>SST4753 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2013. Heritage at Risk Register 2013 (West Midlands). Page 31.
<14>SST4906 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2014. Heritage at Risk Register 2014 (West Midlands). Page 31.
<15>SST4907 - Published Book: Historic England. 2015. Heritage at Risk West Midlands Register 2015. Page 31.
<16>SST894 - Published Book: English Heritage. 1998. Buildings at Risk West Midlands 1998. Page 32.
<17>SST917 - Published Book: English Heritage. 1999. Buildings at Risk West Midlands 1999. Page 31.
<18>SST931 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2000. Buildings at Risk The Register 2000. Page 93.
<19>SST933 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2001. Buildings at Risk The Register 2001. Page 92.
<20>SST990 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2002. Buildings at Risk The Register 2002. Page 88.
<21>SST991 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2003. Buildings at Risk The Register 2003. Page 88.
<22>SST994 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2004. Buildings at Risk The Register 2004. Page 88.
<23>SST995 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2005. Buildings at Risk The Register 2005. Page 87.
<24>SST996 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2006. Buildings at Risk The Register 2006. Page 83.
<25>SST997 - Published Book: English Heritage. 2007. Buildings at Risk The Register 2007. Page 81.

Related records

20035Related to: Possible Siegework, Madeley (Monument)

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