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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 464445

Hob Uid: 464445
Location :
Kent
Canterbury
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TR1509058110
Summary : Excavations have located a range of features including Roman ditches and road, an early Medieval boundary and Medieval buildings including the Almonry Chapel constructed c. 1324-8.
More information : (TR 15095811) Iron Age pottery, Roman ditches, a Saxon boundary, Medieval building including the Almonry chapel were discovered during excavations in the Mint Yard area in 1980.

The earliest deposits consisted layers of peat and river silt, containing late Iron Age and Roman pottery. A number of 'U'-shaped ditches and timber 'piles' cut these waterlogged levels, suggesting that from at least early Roman times attempts were made to drain the marsh. Gravel shingle and loam were dumped as part of a scheme to drive a road across the marsh. This road, metalled at least eight times was established in the last quarter of the 1st century.

In the seventh or eighth century a series of three successive
courtyard metallings and post holes perhaps indicate a Saxon boundary. A quantity of grass-tempered sherds and a Saxon bead necklace were found. These levels were sealed by a thick layer of black soil containing Saxo-Norman material.

Medieval features included deposits relating to timber-framed, clay-floored tenement properties and the remains of the Almonry chapel built by Prior Henry of Eastry between 1324 and 1328. (1-5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details : 1980 (P Bennett)
Page(s) : 398-399
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 96
Source Number : 2
Source : Canterbury Archaeological Trust annual report
Source details : 1979-80 fig (P Bennett)
Page(s) : 14-15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details : 1979 plan (P Bennett)
Page(s) : 273-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 95
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : CBA Arch in Brit 1978 67
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details : 1984 plan facing p 178 (T Tatton-Brown)
Page(s) : 178
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 100
Source Number : 6
Source : The archaeology of Canterbury : an assessment
Source details :
Page(s) : 75, 157
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Iron Age
Display Date : Late Iron Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : ROMAN
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Ditch, Road
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C7 or C8
Monument End Date : 799
Monument Start Date : 600
Monument Type : Findspot, Courtyard, Boundary
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built prior to 1324
Monument End Date : 1324
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Timber Framed Building, Tenement
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built 1324-1328
Monument End Date : 1328
Monument Start Date : 1324
Monument Type : Chapel, Almonry
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot, Courtyard, Boundary
Object Type : BEAD, NECKLACE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : KE 281
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : KE 335
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TR 15 NE 103
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHRIST CHURCH PRIORY: ALMONRY CHAPEL SITE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31