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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 9062

Hob Uid: 9062
Location :
Cumbria
Allerdale
Holme St. Cuthbert
Grid Ref : NY0865048500
Summary : The site of a Roman cemetery, close to the possible location of milefortlet 15, and now largely destroyed by coastal erosion. An evaluation circa 350m south-west of the fort at Beckfoot identified eight cremation burials were recorded (of which four were excavated). Pyre debris was also discovered. The pottery suggested the main period of use for the cemetery was in the third century.
More information : [Area centred NY 0865 4850] A Roman cemetery site a short distance south of Beckfoot fort [NY 04 NE 12], has been revealed by coastal erosion. A funeral pyre was found in April 1948, 400 yds south-west of the corner of the above fort, and a further one by Bellhouse. Finds include much coarse Castor ware, Samian, a 2nd brass of Trajan and a 2nd cent. olla. A 2nd century Samian bowl with calcined bones was found in 1957. Cist found 1960 and bronze disc brooch found 1961. (1-5)

Nothing of interest was seen or found on the ground. Enquiries ascertained that finds were made just above the published High Water Mark, along about a 60m stretch, centred at the above reference, but further erosion and shifting sand has obliterated the site. Small finds from the area are held by several people, but principally by the authorities listed above. (6)

No trace of burial deposits in an eroding sandy cliff at or near the grid reference given, and it cannot be determined if the cemetery has been partly or totally destroyed. (7)

In 2006, Oxford Archaeology North undertook an evaluation circa 350m south-west of the fort at Beckfoot (NY 087 486). This was in an area of coastal dunes, and sort to identifiy the remains, if any, of the cemetery and milefortlet 15. No evidence for the milefortlet was found, however, eight cremation burials were recorded (of which four were excavated). Pyre debris was also discovered. The pottery was almost entirely Antonine or later in date, and suggested the main period of use for the cemetery was in the third century. (8)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (R Hogg)
Page(s) : 32-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 49, 1949
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (RL Bellhouse)
Page(s) : 51-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 54, 1954
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (H Duff)
Page(s) : 270-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21, 1921
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (RL Bellhouse)
Page(s) : 57-62
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 58, 1958
Source Number : 5
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (R Hogg)
Page(s) : 323
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 62, 1962
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FRH 01-MAR-67
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/12-FEB-1993/RCHME: Cumberland Coast Project.
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Source Number : 8
Source : Hadrian's Wall 1999-2009
Source details : 'A summary of excavation and research prepared for the 13th pilgrimage of Hadrian's Wall, 8-14 August 2009'
Page(s) : 160-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Cemetery, Cremation
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 04 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 9087
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 9065
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 04 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-03-01
End Date : 1967-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CUMBERLAND COAST PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-19
End Date : 1994-02-02