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Historic England Research Records

Longleat Park

Hob Uid: 618971
Location :
Somerset
Mendip
Wiltshire
Horningsham, Corsley, Longbridge Deverill, Selwood
Grid Ref : ST8200043090
Summary : Landscape park, pleasure grounds and formal gardens to Longleat House. Formal gardens in the Franco-Dutch style were designed by George London and the Brompton Park Nurseries in 1683. These were deformalised during the early 18th century. Complex formal gardens were laid out by Alexander Thynn and Head Gardener William Taylor in 1852. Following the First World War the gardens were simplified, and redesigned by Russell Page in 1929. New garden features have been added since 1992. Lancelot Brown was commissioned in 1757 to lay out a park and remove the remaining formal elements of the gardens. Further alterations to the park were made during the 1790s. Humphry Repton was commissioned in 1803-4 for changes within the park.
More information : [Name ST 81404337] Longleat Park [NAT] (1)

Landscape park covering an area of 280ha. with with 19th and 20th century formal gardens (2.5ha). A walled kitchen garden is situated 1km to south of Longleat House. A formal, enclosed garden was created for the 16th house, and comprised borders, walks, and hedges and is depicted in paintings of the 1670s with twin fountains. This scheme was extended and completed by 1694 by George London and Henry Wise, illustrated by Leonard Knyff c. 1700, and comprised parterres, fountains, a labyrinth, bowling green and wilderness. Capability Brown replaced the formal gardens with a lawn, re-developed the canal as a chain of lakes, and created a shrubbery walk. He was also responsible for the fragmentation of most of the straight avenues into clumps of trees. Humphry Repton was consulted 1803 and was responsible for the alteration of the lakes, and thinning the plantations. During the mid 19th century a formal garden centred on a central fountain was created. Extensive forestry with extensive drives was developed during the 1870s. The formal gardens were modified and simplified during the 1940s by Russell Page. (2)

Formal gardens in the Franco-Dutch style were designed by George London and the Brompton Park Nurseries in 1683. These were deformalised during the early 18th century. Complex formal gardens were laid out by Alexander Thynn and Head Gardener William Taylor in 1852. Following the First World War the gardens were simplified, and redesigned by Russell Page in 1929. New garden features have been added since 1992. Lancelot Brown was commissioned in 1757 to lay out a park and remove the remaining formal elements of the garden. Further alterations to the park were made during the 1790s. Humphry Repton was commissioned in 1803-4 for changes within the park. (3)




Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : OS 1:10000 1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Wiltshire (September 1987)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 46
Source Number : 3
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Wiltshire, revised 08-Jun-2005
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : PART 46

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Creatd 1683
Monument End Date : 1683
Monument Start Date : 1683
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Simplified early C18
Monument End Date : 1732
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Created 1757
Monument End Date : 1757
Monument Start Date : 1757
Monument Type : Formal Garden, Landscape Park, Pleasance
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1790s
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1790
Monument Type : Landscape Park, Pleasance
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered 1803-4
Monument End Date : 1804
Monument Start Date : 1803
Monument Type : Landscape Park, Pleasance
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Created 1852
Monument End Date : 1852
Monument Start Date : 1852
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Simplified after WWI
Monument End Date : 1918
Monument Start Date : 1914
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Redesigned 1929
Monument End Date : 1929
Monument Start Date : 1929
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Created since 1992
Monument End Date : 1992
Monument Start Date : 1992
Monument Type : Formal Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Register of Parks and Gardens Legacy No.
External Cross Reference Number : GD1407
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 84 SW 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1061665
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1061666
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1062971
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1061667
Relationship type :

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