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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1505754

Hob Uid: 1505754
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6961240106
Summary : The remains of a system of Medieval strip fields extend east from Shoulsbarrow to Shoulsbarrow Common. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs, although some are now in woodland and some may have been levelled. The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The strip lynchets form part of an extensive system of lynchets around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
More information : The remains of a system of Medieval strip fields extend east from Shoulsbarrow to Shoulsbarrow Common. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs, although some are now in woodland and some may have been levelled. The whole system is centred at SS 6962 4017 but two concentrations survive. In comparison with other fields in the vicinity, it is likely that the fields were once continuous. The two concentrations of lynchets, which extend over several modern fields, are centred at SS 6950 4017 and SS 6980 4008.

The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The strip lynchets form part of an extensive system of lynchets around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see NMR Monument 1301286, SS 64 SE 67).
(1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/20-DEC-1999/RCHME: Challacombe, West Exmoor
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Riley H and Wilson-North R 2001 The Field Archaeology fo Exmoor English Heritage, Swindon
Page(s) : 98-99
Figs. : 4.13
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Strip Field, Lynchet
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 154
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CHALLACOMBE, WEST DEVON
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-12-01
End Date : 1999-12-01