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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 115 (Rchme)

Hob Uid: 1119671
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1174442552
Summary : A possible Neolithic or Bronze Age causewayed ring ditch round barrow is visible as a soilmark on aerial photographs and forms part of the Cursus barrow group (Monument Number 219681). It was listed as Amesbury 115 by the RCHME, who described a bowl barrow with a mound 0.1metre high and 12metres in diameter, with slight indications of a surrounding ring ditch which is also visible on aerial photographs. The aerial photographs appear to show a segmented or causewayed ring ditch, visible as a soilmark in the 1940s, with two larger pits in the circuit perhaps forming an entrance to the south-west. It is located 215m to the SSE of Amesbury 48 (Monument Number 942712) and could be a duplicate record for Amesbury 48a (Monument Number 219507). The area was surveyed by English Heritage in 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project but no earthworks relating to the monument were recorded.
More information : Listed by RCHME as Amesbury 115, a Bronze Age bowl barrow located to the south of the Cursus barrow group (SU 14 SW 87). Extant as a mound 0.1 metre high and 12 metres in diameter with slight indications of a surrounding ditch. A ring ditch is visible on air photographs. (1-2)

The barrow is defined by a single ditch 17m in diameter, and is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. It has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (3)

The area was surveyed by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project but no earthworks relating to the monument referred to above (1-3) were recorded. The aerial photographs appear to show a segmented or causewayed ring ditch, visible as a soilmark in the 1940s, with two larger pits in the circuit perhaps forming an entrance to the south-west. It is located 215m to the SSE of Amesbury 48 (Monument Number 942712) and could be a duplicate record for Amesbury 48a (Monument Number 219507). (4-6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Stonehenge and its environs: monuments and land use
Source details : Amesbury 115
Page(s) : 2
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Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 568
Page(s) : 191
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/106G/UK/915 3204-5 11-OCT-1945
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/02-AUG-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR USAAF/US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1021-1022 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 6
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : 85-2010

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Causewayed Ring Ditch, Round Barrow
Evidence : Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Causewayed Ring Ditch, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW60B
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 552
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219507
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31