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Monument Number 1542687

Hob Uid: 1542687
Location :
Medway
Cooling
Grid Ref : TQ7559874147
Summary : Part of a Second World War anti tank ditch, constructed in 1940 across the Hoo peninsula from the north bank of the Medway near Hoo St Werburgh to the south bank of the Thames at Higham Creek (Monument 1542577). The ditch across Hoo was part of the system of GHQ Stop Lines designed to halt or delay the advance of a German invasion force landing in southern and south eastern England. The section described in this record ran parallel with the north side of Lodge Hill Ordnance Depot (Monument 1077634). It followed a sharply angled course for 714 metres along the north facing slope of Rough Shaw between Lodge Hill Wood and Berry Court Wood. The woods were also incorporated as part of the defensive line. This part of the anti tank ditch is visible as earthworks on aerial photographs although the first photographs, taken in 1944, show this section already out of use and being backfilled. The other parts of the Stop Line ditch, as well as the many pillboxes, gun emplacements and roadblocks that accompanied it, have been recorded separately. The whole anti tank ditch system on Hoo has been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the English Heritage: Hoo Peninsula Landscape Project.
More information : Centred at TQ 7560 7410. Part of a Second World War anti tank ditch, constructed in 1940 across the Hoo peninsula from the north bank of the Medway near Hoo St Werburgh to the south bank of the Thames at Higham Creek (Monument 1542577). The ditch across Hoo was part of the system of GHQ Stop Lines designed to halt or delay the advance of a German invasion force landing in southern and south eastern England. (1)

The section of the anti tank ditch described in this record ran parallel with the north boundary of Lodge Hill Ordnance Depot (Monument 1077634) on the north side of Deangate Ridge. It followed a sharply angled course for 714 metres along the north facing slope of Rough Shaw, between Lodge Hill Wood and Berry Court Wood (TQ 7591 7425 to TQ 7529 7402). The woods were also incorporated as part of the defensive line. This part of the anti tank ditch is visible as earthworks on aerial photographs although the first photographs, taken in 1944, show this section already out of use and being backfilled, with mounds of earth lying alongside the former ditch.

It is clear from the 1944 aerial photographs that the anti tank ditch did not continue through either Lodge Hill Wood or Berry Court Wood. The woods were instead utilised as part of the defensive line for a distance of 510 metres in Lodge Hill Wood and 616 metres in Berry Court Wood. There is no evidence of significant tree felling and regrowth before 1944 in either wood, and pillboxes were placed along the northern edge of both woods, overlooking the marshes and lowland to the north. (2-4)

The other parts of the Stop Line ditch, as well as the many pillboxes, gun emplacements and roadblocks that accompanied it, have been recorded separately. Adjacent Stop Line sections are Monuments 1542665, to the east, and 1542694, to the west). Supporting defensive features associated with this section of the Stop Line include: a pillbox at TQ 7591 7427, where the anti tank ditch meets the west side of Lodge Hill Wood (Monument 1543787); a pillbox on the slope of Rough Shaw near the centre of this section of ditch at TQ 7554 7403 (Monument 1426721); and a number of small weapons pits near the east end pf this part of the ditch (at TQ 7576 7423 and TQ 7572 7417). Pillboxes were also positioned along the north edge of Lodge Hill Wood (Monuments 1426723 and 1426722) and Berry Court Wood (Monuments 1418703; 1544162; 1544121, 1544122, 1418676).

The whole anti tank ditch system on Hoo has been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the English Heritage: Hoo Peninsula Landscape Project. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Beaches, fields, streets and hills: the anti-invasion landscape of England, 1940
Source details : Foot, W.
Page(s) : 406-413
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR US/7GR/LOC348 2065 27-MAY-1944
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR US/7GR/LOC348 3062 27-MAY-1944
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Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/82/732 0118 23-FEB-1953
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Source Number : 5
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Cathy Stoertz/14-JUL-2011/English Heritage: Hoo Peninsula Landscape Project
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Monument Types:
Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 77 SE 187
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1418704
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1418676
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1426722
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1548381
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546483
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1542665
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1418707
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546494
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546504
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1542694
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546546
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546575
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546582
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1426723
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1543787
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546590
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546596
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1426721
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1418703
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1077634
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1544121
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1544122
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1546783
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1544162
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: HOO PENINSULA LANDSCAPE PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2010-09-01
End Date : 2012-03-01