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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 56 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 219513
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury, Winterbourne Stoke
Grid Ref : SU1105642914
Summary : A Bronze Age bowl barrow, or possibly a bell barrow. It was listed by Goddard and Grinsell as Amesbury 56, located within the western end of the Stonehenge Cursus (Monument Number 219546) and forming part of the Cursus barrow cemetery (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow was excavated by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century (Barrow 43). He found a primary inhumation accompanied by a bronze dagger and a polished pebble. In addition there were two secondary burials, one of a child, and the other an adult with a 'drinking cup' (Beaker). The mound survives 1.5m high and about 25m in diameter.
More information : (SU 11034291) Tumulus (NR) (site of) (1)

SU 11054291; Amesbury 56, a bowl barrow 72ft in diameter and 6ft high. (2) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 43) located a primary inhumation with a bronze dagger and a polished banded pebble (DM 782-3) and two secondary inhumations. (3-4)

Amesbury 56 may be a bell barrow with an overspread berm. Height 1.7m. Published 1:2500 survey revised. (5)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 56 by Goddard. (6)

The barrow falls within the area mapped from aerial photographs by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. It has been included on the survey maps, but is covered by trees, and no further information could be added from aerial photographic evidence. (8)

Surveyed at 1:1000 in 2010; the barrow mound survives 1.5m high and about 25m in diameter; there is no surface trace of a ditch; there is a slight mound on the summit but whether this is a secondary construction or the result of later disturbance is unclear. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
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Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 151
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 165
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : FK Annable, DDA Simpson (1964) Guide Catalogue to the Neolithic and Bronze Age collections at Devizes Museum p55, no. 355
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 21-NOV-70
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
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Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 7
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 553
Page(s) : 186
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Source Number : 8
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Enhlish Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project
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Source Number : 9
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : T Pearson and D Field, Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project: Stonehenge Cursus
Page(s) : 29, 40-1
Figs. : 15, 18
Plates :
Vol(s) : 103-2011
Source Number :
Source : SU 14 SW 31, 42 (The Cursus), 57, 86, 87, 133 (SU 1142) (1969-71)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Inhumation, Round Barrow, Bell Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Inhumation, Round Barrow, Bell Barrow
Object Type : DAGGER, VESSEL
Object Material : Bronze, Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 65C
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 738/204/304/*
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 738
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 739
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW739
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10324
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 31
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219546
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ON WEST END OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1810-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ON WEST END OF CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1800-01-01
End Date : 1810-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST END OF STONEHENGE CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1959-01-01
End Date : 1959-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 14 SW 31
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-11-21
End Date : 1970-11-21
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31