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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1468156

Hob Uid: 1468156
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Kentisbury
Grid Ref : SS6450444094
Summary : A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields north of Hollacombe and the deserted settlement of Lower Hollacombe, Kentisbury. A series of approximately parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. This system appears to be connected to the farmyard at Hollacombe, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields.
More information : A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields north of Hollacombe and the deserted settlement of Lower Hollacombe, Kentisbury. Centred at approximately SS 6452 4419, 7 gutters are visible on a steep east facing slope above Rowley Cleave. The gutters vary in length from approximately 80 to 175 metres long and are between 0.5 and 2.5 metres wide. This system appears to be connected to the farmyard at Hollacombe, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. The gutters were most likely supplied with water from the spring shown on the Ordnance Survey map at Hollacombe.
Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1501 4238-39 13-MAY-1946
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Cook, H and Williamson, T 2007 ¿Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Conservation¿ Windgather Press, Cambridge page(s) 1-7, 28-29
Page(s) : 1-7, 28-29
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Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:2500 1889
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Water Meadow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SW 78
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 925781
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01