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Historic England Research Records

Civil Bombing Decoy C6d

Hob Uid: 1468254
Location :
Liverpool
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SJ4210095500
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy site at Knowsley. It was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool to deflect enemy bombing from Edge Hill marshalling yard. This was a 'QL' decoy, which displayed simulated marshalling yard lighting and loco glows to replicate Edge Hill. It is referenced as being operational between 1941 and 1943. By the early 1980s the site had been given over to agricultural use and no features of the decoy survive. Knowsley was one of fourteen civil bombing decoy sites for Liverpool.
More information : A Second World War 'QL' bombing decoy located at Knowsley (SJ 421 955). It was constructed as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool to deflect enemy bombing from Edge Hill marshalling yards. It is referenced as being in use between 02-OCT-1942 and 01-MAY-1943. The 'QL' decoy displayed marshalling yard lighting and loco glows to simulate Edge Hill yards.
Further civil bombing decoy sites for Liverpool were located at Formby (SD 284 048), Little Crosby (SD 307 017), Lydiate (SD 347 038), Knowsley (SJ 421 955), Halewood (SJ 461 866), Hale (SJ 454 833), Ince (SJ 472 767), Brimstage (SJ 297 833), Moreton (SJ 247 909), Hoylake (SJ 229 882), Heswall (SJ 245 820), Little Hilber (SJ 189 872), Burton Marsh (SJ 286 749) and Gayton (SJ 269 796). (1)

Aerial photography shows that by 1982 the site had been given over to agricultural use and no features of the decoy survive. (2)

NGR concords with that given in source 1. The first civil decoys for Liverpool were in place by the summer of 1941. The bombing decoys for Liverpool had limited success, possibly because the decoys were positioned too far out from their intended targets. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 126,133,277
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two bombing decoy sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 65
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 135,213,277
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Built in 1941
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1941
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 49 NW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31