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Historic England Research Records

Winterbourne Stoke 30 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 870325
Location :
Wiltshire
Winterbourne Stoke
Grid Ref : SU1100842926
Summary : The site of a Bronze Age round barrow located within the western end of the Stonehenge Cursus (Monument Number 219546) and forming part of the Cursus barrow cemetery (Monument Number 219681). Excavations in the early 19th century by Colt Hoare located a possible primary cremation (Barrow 44). The barrow was listed as Winterbourne Stoke 30 by Goddard and then Grinsell (as a bowl barrow). Excavations in 1958 by Christie suggested a bell barrow form and found a central cremation pit with a small quantity of bone and ash. A crouched child inhumation was found in the primary ditch silts. Nearby were the remains an infant. The ditch also appeared to cut a pit or hollow containing pine charcoal, burnt flints and flint debitage. Other finds from the excavation included a barbed and tanged arrowhead, and pottery of Late Bronze Age and Roman date. There are no intelligible earthwork remains of the barrow, which was damaged in the early 20th century by military activity and subsequent levelling for agricultural use.
More information : (SU 11014292) Tumulus (NR) (site of). (1)

SU 11014292; Winterbourne Stoke 30, a destroyed bowl barrow. (2) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 44) located a possible primary cremation. (3)

Re-excavation of Winterbourne Stoke 30 in 1958 proved it to have been a bell barrow with a central mound 46ft in diameter and a berm approx. 4-6ft wide. A central cremation pit with a small quanitity of bone and ashes was found with, to the west of it, four stake holes, one of which may have contained a laying-out peg. On the north west side of the barrow a curious oval-shaped hollow was found with a deposit of ash and charcoal at its base, it appeared to ante-date the ditch.

A crouched skeleton of a child about seven years of age was found in the primary silts of the ditch, nearby on the top of this layer was the remains of a newly born infant. Other finds include a tanged and barbed arrowhead and pottery of LBA to RB periods. (4)(6)

There are no intelligible remains of Winterbourne Stoke 30. Numerous amorphous undulations in the area are probably the result of wartime cultivation. (5)

Originally recorded as Winterbourne Stoke 30 by Goddard. (7)

The flint assemblage from the excavations contained nothing earlier than Late Neolithic in date, and is now in Salisbury Museum (Acc. No. 48.1980. (8-9)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork and a cropmark on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (11-13)

No surface trace in heavily disturbed area. (14)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : Grinsell, LV. Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 202
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/4 (CCC 11752/OS1734)
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1143/18/(CCC 5203/05666) 09-FEB-1934
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Source Number : 13
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1064-5 24-DEC-1943
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : T Pearson and D Field, Stonehenge WHS Landscape project: Stonehenge Cursus
Page(s) :
Figs. : 15, 18
Plates :
Vol(s) : 103-2011
Source Number : 3
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 165
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (P. Christie)
Page(s) : 393
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 57, 1960
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 21-NOV-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (P. Christie)
Page(s) : 376-80
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 58, 1961-3
Source Number : 7
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : Goddard, EH. A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 365
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 8
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : (A. Saville)
Page(s) : 15-17
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 72/3, 1977-8
Source Number : 9
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details :
Page(s) : 204
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 74-5, 1979-80
Source Number : 10
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record numbers 550, 551
Page(s) : 185-6
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Bell Barrow, Crouched Inhumation, Inhumation, Round Barrow
Evidence : Levelled Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Late Bronze Age
Display Date : Late Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -1200
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, DEBITAGE
Object Material : Flint
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD, DEBITAGE
Object Material : Flint
Period : Late Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW555
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW738
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10324
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 317
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219546
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31