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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1473202

Hob Uid: 1473202
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Cutcombe, Luccombe, Exford
Grid Ref : SS8690141540
Summary : An extensive area of peat cutting of possible medieval to twentieth century date, can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The peat cuttings or turbaries, known locally as turfs, extend north-east from Dunkery Hill to Wilmersham Common, crossing the parish boundaries between Luccombe, Exford and Cutcombe.
More information : An extensive area of peat cutting of possible medieval to twentieth century date, can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 86954161.
The pits vary in shape and size, from small rectilinear pits less than 5 metres across to large amorphous excavations over 70 metres in length. The larger pits more readily reflect the cumulative nature of peat cutting on Exmoor, where one family may cut the same peat beds or turbary, known locally as a `turf¿, for generations as part of their commoners rights. In total, this area of peat cutting covers over 40 hectares of common land, extending north-east from Dunkery Hill to Wilmersham Common, crossing the parish boundaries between Luccombe, Exford and Cutcombe. Similar, though less extensive cuttings can be seen to the west and east.
Due to the difficult nature of the evidence, the transcription attempts only to convey the area and character of the excavations, and should be taken only as indicative of the extent of individual cuttings.
The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was probably in the first half of the nineteenth century, although small scale cutting probably continued well into the twentieth century.
(1-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 4273-5 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 950-953 29-APR-1973
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : BURTON, ROGER, A. 1989 THE HERITAGE OF EXMOOR. R.A.B
Page(s) : 72, 232-233
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th Century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SE 141
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1473224
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1473117
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01