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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1475418

Hob Uid: 1475418
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7581041363
Summary : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Dure Down, Exmoor. The cuttings, which lie close to an area of 19th century drainage ditches, were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th century. It is not clear whether the peat was used as domestic fuel or for turfing field walls.
More information : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Dure Down, Exmoor, covering an area of approximately 16 hectares. The earthworks are centred on approximately SS 7585 4134 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square pits measuring 5-6 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved pits up to 110 metres across. Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until very recently, and may continue in places. Similar areas are visible to the north on Exe Plain and to the east on The Warren. It is not clear whether the peat was used for domestic fuel or for turfing enclosure walls (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 3154-55 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R. 2001 "The Field Archaeology of Exmoor" Swindon, English Heritage page(s) 47, 143
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Burton, R.A. 1989 "The Heritage of Exmoor" Tiverton, Maslands Ltd. page(s) 232-33
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th Century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SE 154
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1476412
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1476414
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01