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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1478364

Hob Uid: 1478364
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Oare
Grid Ref : SS8108743630
Summary : Evidence of peat cutting can be seen on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards over approximately 8 hectares of Manor Allotment, South Common. It is one of several areas of extraction visible in the vicinity of Larkbarrow Farm and is thought to be of mid- to late-nineteenth century date.
More information : Evidence of peat cutting can be seen as large, irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, covering an area of over 8 hectares area of Manor Allotment, South Common, centred on circa SS 81104361.
The visible pits are irregularly shaped but mostly rectilinear in plan, whilst often displaying a curved or stepped edge which has been interpreted as evidence of sustained and systematic peat cutting, perhaps by several generations of the same family returning to a preferred location and expanding an existing cutting. The identifiable pits vary in size but range up to 65 metres across. Between the transcribed pits, areas of disturbed ground indicate the presence of further earthworks not readily identifiable from aerial photographs. Due to the difficult nature of the evidence, which can vary in appearance on aerial photographs from year to year, the transcription attempts only to convey the general area and character of the excavations and should be taken only as indicative of the extent of individual pits.
The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was in the first half of the nineteenth century, although cutting probably took place on a smaller scale from the medieval period well into the twentieth century. (1-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G/UK/1655 (F20) 4080-1 11-JUL-1946
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 3062-3 08-NOV-1952
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : BURTON, R.A. 1989 THE HERITAGE OF EXMOOR. BARNSTAPLE R.A.BURTON
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 285
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1478350
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478356
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478372
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478375
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478409
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01