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Historic England Research Records

East Kennett Long Barrow

Hob Uid: 220868
Location :
Wiltshire
East Kennett
Grid Ref : SU1163066850
Summary : Neolithic long barrow approximately 99 metres long and up to 30 metres wide, still extant as a substantial earthwork monument. Protruding sarsens suggest that it probably features burial chambers as at West Kennet (SU 16 NW 59).
More information : (SU 11636685) East Kennett Long Barrow (NR) (1)

East Kennett 1, a Long Barrow, orientated SE/NW, 344 ft x 100 ft x 20 ft, ditches indicated by darker grass.

Probably chambered (sarsens protruding from the SE end). (2)

The long barrow is 99.0 metres by approximately 30.0 metres and is up to 4.2 metres high at the southern end and 2.5 metres high at the northern end.

Constructed on a north-east slope, its east side is much more substantial than the west. There are no traces of the side ditches. Tree covered.
Published survey 1:2500 revised. (3)

The barrow is described by Barker (4) who includes it in his inventory of chambered tombs in the Avebury area on the basis of antiquarian notes, suggesting that, as at West Kennet (SU 16 NW 59), sarsens formed part of revetment supporting a burial chamber, while the mound was probably mainly constructed of chalk derived from flanking ditches. [See West Kennet Long Barrow for further bibliography] (4)

Additional reference, including AP. (5)

An RCHME 1:2500 scale, level 3 air photographic survey (Event UID 936869) was carried out on this monument in January 1992. The site is extant as an earthwork and no changes were made to the record. The archive created by this project (Collection UID 936807) is held by RCHME. (6)

An analytical level 3 survey and investigation of the monument was carried out by English Heritage during spring 2005. Fallen trees and badger diggings had damaged portions of the mound, while vegetation obscured subtle detail. Nevertheless, 1:1000 scale survey provided some indication that more than one phase of mound building activity could be identified and that the barrow may have been enlarged. Surveyed measurements indicate that the barrow is 110 metres long, 35m wide and a maximum of 6.5m in height, which makes it the second largest in Wiltshire. Apart from small loose boulders, no earthfast sarsens were seen at the southeast end as indicated by authority (2). A full report is available in the Archaeological Investigation Report Series AI/10/2005. (7)

The neolithic long barrow survives as an earthwork on the latest 2006 lidar.
(8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 140
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Field visit (1) MJF 13-JUN-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : CT Barker: The Long Mounds of the Avebury Region (pp7-38)
Page(s) : 11
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 79, 1985
Source Number : 5
Source : English Heritage book of Avebury
Source details :
Page(s) : 70-1
Figs. : 51
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Simon Crutchley/03-JAN-1992/RCHME: West Kennett - East Kennett Project
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : DJF 24 July 2005 AF00165 & AI/10/2005
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : LIDAR SU1166 ENVIRONMENT AGENCY LAST RETURN 03-MAY-2006
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : SU 16 NW 62 and 64 (East Kennett Long Barrow) (1974)
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Source Number :
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Field survey and investigation. AF00165 and AI/10/2005
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Chambered Long Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 23
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 101
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 12276
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 16 NW 64
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 220764
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 943270
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 220752
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 946976
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 220862
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 220712
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 220746
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1096516
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 220853
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, EAST KENNETT LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1840-01-01
End Date : 1854-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, EAST KENNETT LONG BARROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1850-01-01
End Date : 1860-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 16 NW 64
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-06-13
End Date : 1974-06-13
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST KENNETT - EAST KENNETT PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-03
End Date : 1992-02-28
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: AVEBURY WORLD HERITAGE SITE PROJECT
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-08-01
End Date : 1998-12-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EAST KENNET LONG BARROW
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: EAST KENNETT LONG BARROW
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: AVEBURY WHS LIDAR AND NMP REVIEW PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2011-01-01
End Date : 2011-05-01