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Historic England Research Records

Walltown Crags

Hob Uid: 1009906
Location :
Northumberland
Greenhead
Grid Ref : NY6741066450
Summary : Walltown Crags is a section of Hadrian's Wall situated one mile north east of Greenhead following the steep and dramatic crags of the Whin Sill. The section includes the extant remains of Turret 45a, Milecastle 45, Turret 44b, and Milecastle 44 (see associated monument records). The building of a ditch north of the Wall was unnecessary along Walltown crags, except in the gaps that break up the crags. Much of the section provides commanding views in all directions over the surrounding countryside. A number of inscribed stones, were found fallen on the south side of the wall in 1960. Surveying the wall from west to east; it survives to a height of 2.2 metres in a consolidated 410 metre stretch along the Nine Nicks of Thirlwall that includes Turret 45a. Turret 45a was originally built as a free standing tower and then later incorporated into the wall line. Beyond this a stretch of wall survives mostly as a low stoney rubble and turf covered mound averaging 5 metres wide and 1 metre high. Milecastle 45 also survives as a turf covered feature. Further east, beyond Walltown farmhouse, Turret 44b survives as an exposed stone feature up to 1.9 metres high. A coin from the reign of Valens was found on the site in 1892. Milecastle 44 is situated 200 metres north east of Allolee farmhouse, near the crest of an east facing slope, and measures 20 metres north-south by 17 metres across. The walls survive as turf covered banks 3.5 metres wide and just under a metre high. The gradient drops east of the Milecastle towards Turret 43b where the Wall ditch is preserved to a depth of 2.2 metres.
More information : Consolidated and under Guardianship, maximum height is 2.2m. (1)

Walltown Crags is a section of Hadrian's Wall situated one mile north east of Greenhead following the steep and dramatic crags of the Whin Sill. The section includes the extant remains of Turret 45a, Milecastle 45, Turret 44b, and Milecastle 44. The building of a ditch north of the Wall was unnecessary along Walltown crags, except in the gaps that break up the crags. Much of the section provides commanding views in all directions over the surrounding countryside. A number of inscribed stones, were found fallen on the south side of the wall in 1960. Surveying the wall from west to east; it survives to a height of 2.2 metres in a consolidated 410 metre stretch along the Nine Nicks of Thirlwall that includes Turret 45a. Turret 45a was originally built as a free standing tower and then later incorporated into the wall line. Beyond this a stretch of wall survives mostly as a low stoney rubble and turf covered mound averaging 5 metres wide and 1 metre high. Milecastle 45 also survives as a turf covered feature. Further east, beyond Walltown farmhouse, Turret 44b survives as an exposed stone feature up to 1.9 metres high. A coin from the reign of Valens was found on the site in 1892. Milecastle 44 is situated 200 metres north east of Allolee farmhouse, near the crest of an east facing slope, and measures 20 metres north-south by 17 metres across. The walls survive as turf covered banks 3.5 metres wide and just under a metre high. The gradient drops east of the Milecastle towards Turret 43b where the Wall ditch is preserved to a depth of 2.2 metres. Scheduled. (2)

Listed Building (3)

This section of reconstructed Wall is visible on air photographs. The Wall extends from NY 6740 6634 to NY 6714 6617, east of turret 45A (NY 66 NE 7, UID 13842).
(4)

The section of Wall at Walltown Crags is marked on the English Heritage 1:25,000 map of Hadrian's Wall published in 2010. (5)

Basic directions for visitors: the site is situated 1 mile north-east of Greenhead, off the B6318. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/25-FEB-1988/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Jul-97
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of Tynedale, Northumberland: 27.7.87
Page(s) : 22
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Plates :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NY 6766/2 TMG 19850/40 02-MAY-2000
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Source Number : 5
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Heritage unlocked: Guide to free sites in Yorkshire and the north east
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : dates from AD 122
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 122
Monument Type : Wall, Turret, Milecastle
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 6766/6
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26067
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 240720
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 96
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : ViewFinder
External Cross Reference Number : FF91/00010
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 66 NE 142
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 13833
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 13839
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 947618
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 947628
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1004314
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1004315
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009901
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009904
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009933
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009940
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009932
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009935
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009936
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009977
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 13828
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009941
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009942
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009943
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 13939
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 947620
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 13898
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 947625
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 947629
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 947630
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009917
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1009909
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1007827
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, WALLTOWN CRAGS, WEST OF TURRET 45A
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: HADRIAN'S WALL WHS MAPPING PROJECT, NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31