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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1475953

Hob Uid: 1475953
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7988942684
Summary : Several post medieval, probably 19th century drainage ditches are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks on moorland south of Little Toms Hill, Exmoor. They are similar in size and form to those seen on the opposite side of the stream at West Pinford, and were probably constructed around the same time. The ditches most likely date to the mid 19th century and were part of the Knight family's attempt to improve the land for farming.
More information : Several post medieval, probably 19th century drainage ditches are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks on moorland south of Little Toms Hill, Exmoor. The largest two ditches are centred at approximately SS 7978 4271, the ditches run roughly east-west, apparently channelling water to the un-named stream between East and West Pinford. The southernmost of the two measures approximately 340 metres long, while the northernmost ditch measures 540 metres in length. They are similar in size and form to those seen on the opposite side of the stream at West Pinford, and were probably constructed around the same time. Two shorter curvilinear ditches visible approximately 60 metres to the south-west are probably part of the same system. The ditches most likely date to the mid 19th century and were part of the Knight family's attempt to improve the land for farming. According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across Exmoor, but failed to provide adequate drainage for the land to be enclosed (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 540/931 3110-11 08-NOV-1952
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" Oxford University Press, London page(s) 32-33
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/543-2821 (F65) 0165-6 27-APR-1964
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Drain, Drainage Ditch, Drainage System
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SE 210
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1475766
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01