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Historic England Research Records

Church Of The Holy Cross

Hob Uid: 35557
Location :
Devon
Mid Devon
Crediton
Grid Ref : SS8364100201
Summary : A largely 15th century church with later restorations, which may be on the site of a Saxon monastery and cathedral. A fine cruciform parish church of local red stone, with Transitional Period central tower, 13th or 14th century Lady Chapel and the remaining fabric mainly early 15th century. The church was collegiate from the 12th century until the Reformation.
More information : (SS 837002) Church of the Holy Cross. A fine cruciform
parish church of local red stone, with Transitional Period central
tower, 13th or 14th century Lady Chapel and the remaining fabric
mainly early 15th century. (1)

A richly endowed Saxon monastery, possibly dedicated to St.
Gregory (SS 80 SW 19) was founded in 739 by a grant from King
Aethelheard to Forethere, bishop of Sherborne, in which see
Crediton then lay. With the division of that see in 909 it became the
cathedral church of the new see of Crediton and remained so until
the see was removed to Exeter in 1050. The church then became
collegiate and continued until its dissolution in 1548. (2)

No pre-Conquest remains are now visible in the fabric of the present
church and the exact location of the Saxon monastery, its cathedral
and the collegiate church are unknown. (3)

Suggested sites for the cathedral (SS 80 SW 19) and the collegiate
buildings (SS 80 SW 5) have been made. (4)

(SS83640020) Parish Church of the Holy Cross [NAT] (5)

Parish church. Bulk of the building early 15th c with some fabric of the 12th c and 13th c; major restoration 1848-1877 by John Hayward of Exeter, further work by Hayward and Blomfield 1887-9 and in 1913 by William Weir. (Listed Grade I) [Full architectural description] (6)

No evidence remains for the pre- Conquest cathedral. The church was collegiate from the early 12th c until the Reformation. [Full architectural description] (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source :
Source details : DOE (HHR) Crediton UD 1972 1
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 414,424,471
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source :
Source details : C A R Radford
Page(s) : 140-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 114, 1957
Source Number : 4
Source :
Source details : O J Reichel
Page(s) : 160-2
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 54, 1922
Source Number : 5
Source :
Source details : OS 1: 2500
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source :
Source details : DOE (HHR) Mid Devon 2 October 1992 (153-156)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 295-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : College Of Secular Priests
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C15
Monument End Date : 1500
Monument Start Date : 1401
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Restored
Monument End Date : 1848
Monument Start Date : 1848
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Restored
Monument End Date : 1887
Monument Start Date : 1887
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Restored
Monument End Date : 1913
Monument Start Date : 1913
Monument Type : Parish Church
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source :
External Cross Reference Number : 79215
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 387119
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1209720
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 80 SW 9
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments :
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities :
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities :
Activity type : DENDROCHRONOLOGICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31