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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 364464

Hob Uid: 364464
Location :
Cambridgeshire
Huntingdonshire
Water Newton
Grid Ref : TL1150097500
Summary : Roman Nene Valley pottery industry of at least 70 Kilns dating from the Mid C2nd to the early C5th
More information : (TL 117978) ROMAN POTTERIES (R) (Site of) (NAT)

(TL 114972; TL 115971) ROMAN POTTERIES (R) (Sites of) (NAT) (Twice)

The Nene Valley was one of the major centres for pottery production
in Roman times. The best-known product, a colour-coated ware
generally known as 'Castor ware' or 'Nene Valley ware' was
distributed over a wide area including the Midlands and the North.
The main areas of distribution, however, were the Fenland and Nene
settlements where the pottery saturated the market.

Pottery was produced in the area in the Iron Age and this type of
coarser ware continued to be produced throughout the Roman period.
The earliest known Roman kilns date to AD 50-65 and were found at
Longthorpe where they served the military garrison. (TL 19 NE 92).
During the first century, the civilian potters of the Upper Nene
were more numerous and successful than those of Durobrivae.

The production of colour-coated ware at Durobrivae began in the mid-
second century and was probably introduced from the Rhineland.
Pottery manufacture, a major polluter, was forbidden by law inside
a town, so the main production areas appear to have been at
Normangate field, north of the river (TL 19 NW 76), and in the
vicinity of the Billing Brook (See Map Diagram, TL 19 NW 1).

The area was extensively excavated in the early 19th century by
E. T. Artis who discovered many kilns. He marks 49 on his map (Authy
5) but is known to have found more later. Recent excavations have
revealed 17 more, bringing the total to at least 70. It is apparent
that this is only a fraction of the total number and that many
more await discovery (3). A number have been found in close
association with luxury houses which are assumed to have belonged
to master-potters.

The industry thrived throughout the third and fourth centuries and
came to an abrupt end within the first two decades of the fifth
century.

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ro in the Nene Valley 6-8 (J P Wild)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ro Pottery Indust in Nene Valley 1960 (B R Hartley)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch J 131 1974 160-5 illusts (Wild)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Durobrivae of Antoninus 1828 plates (E T Artis)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM Hunts 1926 52-4 285
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Pottery Kiln, Pottery Manufacturing Site
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cambridgeshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1901
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CB 127
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cambridgeshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 01901/01872
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 19 NW 64
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, NORMANGATE FIELD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1820-01-01
End Date : 1827-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, NORMANGATE FIELD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1960-01-01
End Date : 1963-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, NORMANGATE FIELD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31