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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1477946

Hob Uid: 1477946
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8169042370
Summary : Post-medieval ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs forming a small drainage system of across the north facing slopes of Swap Hill, Exmoor parish. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement, possibly associated with the construction of Larkbarrow Farm around 1850. Many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. These drains have previously been mis-recorded as part of the field-gutter water meadow immediately to the north.
More information : Post-medieval ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs forming a small drainage system of across the north facing slopes of Swap Hill, Exmoor parish, at circa SS 81694237. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family¿s efforts to improve the pasture and were probably associated with the construction of Larkbarrow Farm around 1850. Many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. These drains have previously been mis-recorded by as part of the Larkbarrow field-gutter water meadow immediately to the north. (1-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 3195-6 13-MAY-1946
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : ENPA JAS 85041 098-9 29-AUG-1985
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" London, Oxford University Press
Page(s) : 32-3
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Drain, Drainage System
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 246
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 974864
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01