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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1501706

Hob Uid: 1501706
Location :
Swindon
Wroughton
Grid Ref : SU1487076330
Summary : Four Second World War slit trenches and anti-aircraft gun emplacements are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. The L-shaped trench is still quite evident but the other trenches have been largely filled in. The trenches are inside Barbury Castle hillfort (see NMR SU 17 NW 8). The largest trench is L-shaped, 14m by 12m, and was positioned immediately inside of the western entrance of the hillfort. The other three trenches are inside the northern ramparts of the hillfort and are each 5m long and 2m wide. The were constructed for use by soldiers, originally from the Home Guard and later from US Army, manning anti-aircraft defences for Wroughton Airfield and South Swindon.
More information : Four Second World War slit trenches and anti-aircraft gun emplacements are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs.The L-shaped trench is still quite evident but the other trenches have been largely filled in. The trenches are inside Barbury Castle hillfort (NMR SU 17 NW 8 / UID 221369) and were centred on SU 1487 7633. The largest trench is L-shaped, 14m by 12m, and was positioned immediately inside of the western entrance of the hillfort at SU 1481 7627. The other three trenches are inside the northern ramparts of the hillfort at SU 1483 7632, SU 1484 7635 and SU 1495 7637 and are each 5m long and 2m wide. They were constructed for use by soldiers, originally from the Home Guard and later from US Army, manning anti-aircraft defences for Wroughton Airfield and South Swindon. (1-4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR US/7PH/GP/LOC209 5003 08-MAR-1944
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/106G/UK/1415 3351 14-APR-1946
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Source Number : 3
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1476/24 RCA 11410-20 UNKNOWN
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Source Number : 4
Source : Barbury Castle : archaeological survey report
Source details : Appendix 1 - Barbury Castle and the Second World War by Anderton, M.
Page(s) : 15-18
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Slit Trench
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 17 NW 153
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 221369
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: BARBURY CASTLE ENVIRONS AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH SURVEY AND ANALYSIS PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2009-06-01
End Date : 2009-09-01