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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 464453

Hob Uid: 464453
Location :
Kent
Canterbury
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TR1513057950
Summary : A small excavation in 1982 carried out between the north-east transept of the Cathedral and the undercroft of the Prior's Chapel revealed the massive foundation of the north-east transept and an earlier large wall foundation which perhaps relates to the first Norman cathedral erected by Lanfranc (1070-1077). Earlier features included Roman occupation layers and a 7th to 8th century courtyard possibly associated with the Saxon Cathedral.
More information : (TR 15135795 sited from maps authority 2) Roman and medieval finds were discovered during August 1982 when a small excavation was carried out between the north-east transept of the Cathedral and the undercroft of the Prior's chapel, before the construction of deep foundations for a new liftshaft for the disabled.

Features excavated include late-first and early-second century AD to the late-third and fourth centuries AD and consisted of rubbish pits, a series of fence-lines and a ditch all running approximately north-east/south-west. A second or early third century wall were also discovered as was a courtyard of the 7th-8th century relating to the Saxon Cathedral.

The main discoveries were of Norman date and included the massive foundation of the north-east transept (c1096) and an earlier large wall foundation running approximately north-south, which perhaps relates to the first Norman Cathedral erected by Lanfranc from 1070-77. Parts of the famous priory waterworks system were also found. These consisted of two storm drains, which ran east-west
across the site. One of these possibly the earlier and probably of a mid twelfth century date, was cut by foundations of the prior's chapel, constructed c1200. The two drains were replaced by a larger much renovated partially brick drain, probably dating to the very late medieval period originally but still in use up until the start
of the excavation. (1)

Additional bibliography. (2-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Canterbury Archaeological Trust annual report
Source details : (J Rady)
Page(s) : 19
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1982-3
Source Number : 2
Source : The archaeology of Canterbury : an assessment
Source details : 1985
Page(s) : 78, 128, 160
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Cantiana : being contributions to the history and archaeology of Kent
Source details : 1982 (J Rady)
Page(s) : 233
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 98

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Late C1 to C4
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 67
Monument Type : Ditch, Pit, Wall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C7 or C8
Monument End Date : 799
Monument Start Date : 600
Monument Type : Courtyard
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Norman 1070-1077
Monument End Date : 1077
Monument Start Date : 1070
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Norman c1096
Monument End Date : 1116
Monument Start Date : 1076
Monument Type : Cathedral
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mid C12
Monument End Date : 1166
Monument Start Date : 1133
Monument Type : Drain
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Circa 1200
Monument End Date : 1220
Monument Start Date : 1180
Monument Type : Chapel
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1400
Monument Type : Drain
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : KE 335
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TR 15 NE 111
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHRIST CHURCH: NE TRANSEPT (ADJACENT TO)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1982-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31