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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 221334

Hob Uid: 221334
Location :
Swindon, Wiltshire
Wroughton, Ogbourne St. Andrew
Grid Ref : SU1498076620
Summary : A probable Iron Age or possible Medieval linear earthwork ranch boundary ditch survives as earthworks on Barbury Hill visible on aerial photographs. The ditch extends just to the east of Barbury Castle hillfort (see NMR SU 17 NW 8). It starts near the Ridgeway trackway (see NMR Linear 60) and rises 160m towards the top of Barbury Hill. It then descends for just over 500m towards Barbury Castle Farm where it joins into the field system of the Iron Age / Roman / Medieval deserted village (see NMR SU 17 NE 6). The ditch is mainly 2-3m wide but up to 5m wide in places. On the eastern side of the ditch that rises up from the Ridgeway there is a bank measuring 40m long which appears to have been adapted for use as a possible pillow mound. A probable section of the ditch at the top of the ridge has been obscured by the planting of trees. The ditch is morphologically similar to a number of ranch boundary ditches identified on the North Marlborough Downs and may have been a territorial marker for large scale sheep ranch farming in the Iron Age.
More information : Ditch running N-S, E of Barbury Castle from SU 14987662 to SU 15137588. No dating evidence. (1)

Described as a boundary ditch probably later than the other earthworks (SU 17 NE 6). Shown clearly on AP. (2)

A ditch 0.5m deep with a bank 0.4m high on the E side extends for 270m from SU 14977661 to SU 15157642 diagonally down the N slope. The feature averages 11m across overall. An intermediate section across Barbury Down has been destroyed by ploughing but it is fairly certainly a boundary feature and part of the complex to the S of Barbury Hill probably associated with the post medieval development of Barbury Castle Farm if not with the medieval village site. The N part is cut across by old tracks leading to chalk pits and pack horse routes. A 50m length centred at SU 1504 7655 has a distinctly higher and wider broad bank with suggestions of a silted ditch on its E side. It is not in character and it is suggested that this part may have been subsequently adapted for some other purpose, possibly a pillow mound.
1:2500 Published Survey revised. (3)

Nothing visible on available air photographs. (4)

The feature remains as described in report of 25.6.75 (5)

A probable Iron Age or possible Medieval linear earthwork ranch boundary ditch survives as earthworks on Barbury Hill visible on aerial photographs. The ditch extends just to the east of Barbury Castle hillfort (see NMR SU 17 NW 8). It starts near the Ridgeway trackway (see NMR Linear 60 / UID 1001721) at SU 1491 7662 and rises 160m towards the top of Barbury Hill. It then descends for just over 500m towards Barbury Castle Farm where it joins into the field system of the Iron Age / Roman / Medieval deserted village (see NMR SU 17 NE 6 / UID 221290) at SU 1512 7587. The ditch is mainly 2-3m wide but upto 5m wide in places. On the eastern side of the ditch that rises up from the Ridgeway there is a bank measuring 40m long which appears to have been adapted for use as a possible pillow mound (see 3 above). A probable section of the ditch at the top of the ridge has been obscured by the planting of trees. The ditch is morphologically similar to a number of ranch boundary ditches identified on the North Marlborough Downs and may have been a territorial marker for large scale sheep ranch farming in the Iron Age. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Wilts 1 1957 258 (LV Grinsell)
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wessex from the Air 1928 242 P1 46 (Crawford & Keiller)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 25-JUN-75
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs (RAF/106G/UK/1415 3350-1 14.4.46)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 GB 30-JUN-77
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR US/7PH/GP/LOC209 5002-5004 08-MAR-1944
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Source : SU 17 NW 7, 8 (Barbury Castle) and SU 17 NE 20 (1975)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Boundary Ditch, Ranch Boundary
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Pillow Mound, Boundary Ditch
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Boundary Ditch
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 17 NE 20
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 221369
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 17 NE 20
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-06-25
End Date : 1975-06-25
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 17 NE 20
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-06-30
End Date : 1977-06-30
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: BARBURY CASTLE ENVIRONS AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH SURVEY AND ANALYSIS PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2009-06-01
End Date : 2009-09-01