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Houndtor
County: Devon
District: TEIGNBRIDGE
Parish: MANATON
Monument Number: ( SX 77 NW 30 )
MEDIEVAL   BARN   1066 - 1366
MEDIEVAL   DESERTED SETTLEMENT   1066 - 1366
MEDIEVAL   FARMSTEAD   1066 - 1366
MEDIEVAL   FINDSPOT   1066 - 1366
MEDIEVAL   GRAIN DRIER   1066 - 1366
MEDIEVAL   LONGHOUSE   1066 - 1366
MEDIEVAL   LYNCHET   1066 - 1366
POST MEDIEVAL   RIDGE AND FURROW   1540 - 1901
Houndtor deserted medieval settlement lies on a southeast-facing slope between Hound Tor and Greator Rock, overlooking the valley of the Becka Brook. It is situated on land that was originally farmed during the Bronze Age. The settlement comprises eleven ruined buildings, all oriented southwest to northeast. It includes four longhouses, four other buildings, possibly lower status dwellings or outbuildings, and three barns with grain driers. Three of the longhouses have an adjacent croft consisting of a small plot enclosed by ruined boundary walls. The site is thought to have originated as a temporary settlement used for the summering of cattle on the tor before a permanent settlement was established. It was excavated during the 1960s and this work confirmed that the hamlet was abandoned in the mid 14th century. A medieval farmstead lies to the north west of the hamlet and survives as a single longhouse, together with a barn and corn drier. The walls of all the buildings are constructed from moorstone and stand to a maximum height of approximately 1.2m, though many are lower, with wall thickness varying between 0.4m and 0.7m. Excavation revealed several interior features. Pottery was found in quantity in three houses and dated to the 12th or 13th century. The site is thought to be the Domesday village of Hundatora, held by Tavistock Abbey. Many of the fields nearby contain lynchets and after the settlement was abandoned the fields may have continued in cultivation. Activity in the post-medieval period is evident from extensive areas of ridge and furrow. It is in the care of English Heritage.

Sources
Aerial photograph
F61 58 RAF 6399 0014-15 02-JUL-1964
Field Investigators Comments
Newman P. 06-FEB-1995 RCHME Field Investigation
Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
OS 6" 1963
Scheduled Monument Notification
16-JAN-1998
Transactions of Torquay Natural History Society
General Reference
Linehan C D 1979 Historical background in Beresford op cit
Three deserted medieval settlements on Dartmoor: a report on the late E Marie Minter's excavationsby Guy Beresford
English Heritage book of Dartmoor landscapes through timeSandy Gerrard
Heritage Unlocked: Guide to free sites in Devon, Dorset and SomersetEnglish Heritage: Edited by Katy Carter